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Inhibition of hemozoin biocrystallization is considered the main mechanism of action of 4-aminoquinoline antimalarials including chloroquine (CQ) but cannot fully explain the activity of ferroquine (FQ) which has been related to redox properties and intramolecular hydrogen bonding. Analogues of FQ, methylferroquine (Me-FQ), ruthenoquine (RQ), and(More)
Iron oxide (nano)particles are powerful contrast agents for MRI and tags for magnetic cellular labeling. The need for quantitative methods to evaluate the iron content of contrast media solutions and biological matrixes is thus obvious. Several convenient methods aiming at the quantification of iron from iron oxide nanoparticle-containing samples are(More)
Despite progress in modern chemotherapy to combat tuberculosis, the causative pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb.) is far from eradicated. Bacillary resistance to anti-mycobacterial agents, bacillary persistence and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) co-infection hamper current drug treatment to completely cure the infection, generating a constant(More)
A series of bisbenzaldehydes and structurally related analogs, conveniently synthesized via microwave-assisted reactions, were evaluated in vitro against drug susceptible and multi-drug resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis, against virulent Mycobacterium bovis, against Mycobacterium ulcerans and against two Mycobacterium avium subspecies. Among the 33(More)
Some compounds articulated around a piperazine or an ethylenediamine linker have been evaluated in vitro to determine their activity in the presence of a 3T6 fibroblast cell line and an axenic culture of Pneumocystis carinii, respectively. The most efficient antifungal derivatives, namely N,N'-bis(benzamidine-4-yl)ethane-1,2-diamine (compound 6, a(More)
Pneumocystis carinii is typically a non-pathogenic fungus found in the respiratory tract of healthy humans. However, it may cause P. carinii pneumonia (PCP) in people with immune deficiency, affecting mainly premature babies, cancer patients and transplant recipients, and people with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In the latter group, PCP occurs(More)
A series of twenty piperazine-tethered 7-chloroquinoline-isatin hybrids have been synthesized via either direct nucleophilic substitution or Cu(Ι)Cl-mediated Mannich reaction. These new conjugates were evaluated for their antimalarial and antitubercular efficacy against a chloroquine-resistant strain of Plasmodium falciparum and Mycobacterium tuberculosis,(More)
Whatever the strategy of synthesis, nanoparticles in magnetic fluids commonly feature a broad size distribution. However, the presence of several size populations in ferrofluids is often problematic because of the close relationship between the efficiency of the nanoparticles and their physicochemical properties. In this work, a magnetic size sorting(More)
Three new series of quinoline, quinolone, and benzimidazole derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in vitro against Trypanosoma brucei gambiense. In the quinoline series, the metallo antimalarial drug candidate (ferroquine, FQ) and its ruthenium analogue (ruthenoquine, RQ, compound 13) showed the highest in vitro activities with IC50 values around 0.1(More)