Delphine Collin

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Atomic force microscopes and optical tweezers are widely used to probe the mechanical properties of individual molecules and molecular interactions, by exerting mechanical forces that induce transitions such as unfolding or dissociation. These transitions often occur under nonequilibrium conditions and are associated with hysteresis effects-features usually(More)
Mechanical unfolding and refolding of single RNA molecules have previously been observed in optical traps as sudden changes in molecular extension. Two methods have been traditionally used: "force-ramp", with the applied force continuously changing, and "hopping". In hopping experiments the force is held constant and the molecule jumps spontaneously between(More)
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