Delphine Charvolin

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Amphipols (APols) are short amphipathic polymers that can substitute for detergents to keep integral membrane proteins (MPs) water soluble. In this review, we discuss their structure and solution behavior; the way they associate with MPs; and the structure, dynamics, and solution properties of the resulting complexes. All MPs tested to date form(More)
Membrane proteins classically are handled in aqueous solutions as complexes with detergents. The dissociating character of detergents, combined with the need to maintain an excess of them, frequently results in more or less rapid inactivation of the protein under study. Over the past few years, we have endeavored to develop a novel family of surfactants,(More)
The membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin (BR) can be kept soluble in its native state for months in the absence of detergent by amphipol (APol) A8-35, an amphiphilic polymer. After an actinic flash, A8-35-complexed BR undergoes a complete photocycle, with kinetics intermediate between that in detergent solution and that in its native membrane. BR/APol(More)
Because of the importance of their physiological functions, cell membranes represent critical targets in biological research. Membrane proteins, which make up approximately 1/3 of the proteome, interact with a wide range of small ligands and macromolecular partners as well as with foreign molecules such as synthetic drugs, antibodies, toxins, or surface(More)
Nonspecific lipid transfer proteins (ns-LTP1) form a multigenic protein family in plants. In vitro they are able to bind all sort of lipids but their function, in vivo, remains speculative. A ns-LTP1 isolated from wheat seed was crystallized in the presence of lyso-myristoyl-phosphatidylcholine (LMPC). The structure was solved by molecular replacement and(More)
Amphipols are short amphilic polymers designed for applications in membrane biochemistry and biophysics and used, in particular, to stabilize membrane proteins in aqueous solutions. Amphipol A8-35 was obtained by modification of a short-chain parent polymer (poly(acrylic acid); PAA) with octyl- and isopropylamine, to yield an amphiphilic product with an(More)
Detergents classically are used to keep membrane proteins soluble in aqueous solutions, but they tend to destabilize them. This problem can be largely alleviated thanks to the use of amphipols (APols), small amphipathic polymers designed to substitute for detergents. APols adsorb at the surface of the transmembrane region of membrane proteins, keeping them(More)
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