Delphine Cabaret

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The cyclic depsipeptide 8-carboxy-3-phenylacetamido-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one, a cyclic analog of aryl phenaceturates with structural similarity to cephalosporins, has been synthesized as a potential substrate/inhibitor of B-lactam-recognizing enzymes. It was found to be a tight-binding, poor substrate of class A beta-lactamases and an irreversible(More)
We report the first experimental detection of x-ray magnetochiral dichroism in magnetoelectric Cr2O3. This dichroism, which does not require any polarized x-ray beam, is related to the time-reversal odd part of the optical activity tensor dominated by electric dipole-electric quadrupole E1E2 interference terms. The experiments were carried out using either(More)
We first present an extended introduction of the various methods used to extract electronic and structural information from the K pre-edge X-ray absorption spectra of 3d transition metal ions. The K pre-edge structure is then modelled for a selection of 3d transition metal compounds and analyzed using first-principles calculations based on the density(More)
A combined experimental-theoretical study on the temperature dependence of the X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of periclase (MgO), spinel (MgAl2O4), corundum (α-Al2O3), berlinite (α-AlPO4), stishovite and α-quartz (SiO2) is reported. Predictive calculations are presented when experimental data are(More)
Theoretical predictions show that depending on the populations of the Fe 3d xy , 3d xz , and 3d yz orbitals two possible quintet states can exist for the high-spin state of the photoswitchable model system [Fe(terpy) 2 ] 2+. The differences in the structure and molecular properties of these 5 B 2 and 5 E quintets are very small and pose a substantial(More)
Beta-lactams with 6alpha (penicillins) or 7alpha (cephalosporins) substituents are often beta-lactamase inhibitors. This paper assesses the effect of such substituents on acyclic beta-lactamase substrates. Thus, a series of m-carboxyphenyl phenaceturates, substituted at the glycyl alpha-carbon by -OMe, -CH(2)OH, -CO(2)(-), and -CH(2)NH(3)(+), have been(More)
The monobactam sodium 3-benzylcarbamoyl-2-oxo-1-azetidinesulfonate, bearing a retro (vs classical beta-lactam)-amide side chain, has been synthesized and the kinetics of its reaction with typical beta-lactamases studied. The new compound is generally a poorer substrate than the analogous compound with a normal side chain but its formation of a transiently(More)
A series of derivatives of phenyl phenylacetylglycinates (aryl phenaceturates) with a carboxylate substituent meta to the oxygen of the phenoxide leaving group and a functionalized methylene group in the ortho- or para-position have been synthesized. These molecules possess a latent o- or p-quinone methide electrophile which could be unmasked during enzymic(More)
6-O-alpha-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose (melibiose) derivatives with alkyl groups at the terminal 1-O and 6'-O positions have been synthesized. They show thermotropic and lyotropic liquid-crystal properties. The d-spacings of the strong inner X-ray diffraction rings correspond to approximately 0.9 times the extended length of the molecule. The(More)
Electric quadrupole transitions are revealed through the angular dependence of X-ray absorption spectra in a cubic crytal. Data collection was achieved at the iron K-edge in pyrite (FeS2) by using the angular moment method developed for X-ray Natural Circular Dichoism (XNCD) measurements. The natural linear dichroism (XNLD) was found to be around 0.5% of(More)