Delphine Cabaret

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The cyclic depsipeptide 8-carboxy-3-phenylacetamido-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzopyran-2-one, a cyclic analog of aryl phenaceturates with structural similarity to cephalosporins, has been synthesized as a potential substrate/inhibitor of B-lactam-recognizing enzymes. It was found to be a tight-binding, poor substrate of class A beta-lactamases and an irreversible(More)
We first present an extended introduction of the various methods used to extract electronic and structural information from the K pre-edge X-ray absorption spectra of 3d transition metal ions. The K pre-edge structure is then modelled for a selection of 3d transition metal compounds and analyzed using first-principles calculations based on the density(More)
We report the first experimental detection of x-ray magnetochiral dichroism in magnetoelectric Cr2O3. This dichroism, which does not require any polarized x-ray beam, is related to the time-reversal odd part of the optical activity tensor dominated by electric dipole-electric quadrupole E1E2 interference terms. The experiments were carried out using either(More)
A combined experimental-theoretical study on the temperature dependence of the X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of periclase (MgO), spinel (MgAl2O4), corundum (α-Al2O3), berlinite (α-AlPO4), stishovite and α-quartz (SiO2) is reported. Predictive calculations are presented when experimental data are(More)
A series of derivatives of phenyl phenylacetylglycinates (aryl phenaceturates) with a carboxylate substituent meta to the oxygen of the phenoxide leaving group and a functionalized methylene group in the ortho- or para-position have been synthesized. These molecules possess a latent o- or p-quinone methide electrophile which could be unmasked during enzymic(More)
6-O-alpha-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-glucopyranose (melibiose) derivatives with alkyl groups at the terminal 1-O and 6'-O positions have been synthesized. They show thermotropic and lyotropic liquid-crystal properties. The d-spacings of the strong inner X-ray diffraction rings correspond to approximately 0.9 times the extended length of the molecule. The(More)
Beta-lactams with 6alpha (penicillins) or 7alpha (cephalosporins) substituents are often beta-lactamase inhibitors. This paper assesses the effect of such substituents on acyclic beta-lactamase substrates. Thus, a series of m-carboxyphenyl phenaceturates, substituted at the glycyl alpha-carbon by -OMe, -CH(2)OH, -CO(2)(-), and -CH(2)NH(3)(+), have been(More)
The monobactam sodium 3-benzylcarbamoyl-2-oxo-1-azetidinesulfonate, bearing a retro (vs classical beta-lactam)-amide side chain, has been synthesized and the kinetics of its reaction with typical beta-lactamases studied. The new compound is generally a poorer substrate than the analogous compound with a normal side chain but its formation of a transiently(More)
Theoretical predictions show that depending on the populations of the Fe 3d xy , 3d xz , and 3d yz orbitals two possible quintet states can exist for the high-spin state of the photoswitchable model system [Fe(terpy) 2 ] 2+. The differences in the structure and molecular properties of these 5 B 2 and 5 E quintets are very small and pose a substantial(More)
Electric quadrupole transitions are revealed through the angular dependence of X-ray absorption spectra in a cubic crytal. Data collection was achieved at the iron K-edge in pyrite (FeS2) by using the angular moment method developed for X-ray Natural Circular Dichoism (XNCD) measurements. The natural linear dichroism (XNLD) was found to be around 0.5% of(More)