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We report here the presence of very high serum levels of the soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) in patients with blood hypereosinophilia with or without detectable markers of malignancy or signs of visceral involvement. The highest sIL-2R levels were observed in 16 eosinophilic patients with T-cell lymphoma (3,440 to 79,500 U/mL). Elevated levels of(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) are important for induction of primary immune responses and immunological tolerance. Changes in the frequency of DC subsets were analyzed in peripheral blood from pregnant women (mPB) and compared to placental blood (PB) and cord blood (CB). DCs were identified by flow cytometry in whole blood as lineage negative and HLA-DR-positive(More)
Activation of dendritic cells (DCs) during malaria is poorly documented and has mainly been studied in rodent models. We conducted studies in Senegal to better understand the relationship between DC subset activation and susceptibility of pregnant women to malaria. For each woman, samples were collected at delivery from peripheral (WB), placental (PB) and(More)
Eosinophils are not only the source of cytotoxic and proinflammatory mediators but they can also generate cytokines and growth factors, including their own factors of differentiation, namely IL-3, GM-CSF, and IL-5. Synthesis of IL-5 by eosinophils was demonstrated by in situ hybridization and immunostaining in a variety of diseases, such as coeliac disease,(More)
Previous studies using both in vitro and in vivo mouse models have demonstrated that a subtle balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, among which interleukin-12 (IL-12) and interleukin-10 (IL-10), respectively is crucial to control Toxoplasma infection. However, the few studies performed with human cell lines highlighted important host-related(More)
The receptor for IgE (Fc epsilon RII) on human eosinophils presents some common characteristics with CD23, a differentiation marker of B cells. We have used flow cytometry for evaluating the expression of various epitopes of CD23 on purified eosinophils from patients with eosinophilia. A correlation was found between the binding of myeloma IgE protein and(More)
The ever increasing numbers of immunosuppressed individuals has led to a significant increase in the incidence of opportunistic infections, particularly those caused by fungi. The epidemiology of infections caused by the common fungal pathogens such as Candida albicans, Cryptococcus neoformans and Aspergillus fumigatus has been well documented. However, in(More)
Eosinophils are important effectors of the non-specific immune response and we studied whether perturbations in the production of the type 2 cytokine, interleukin-5 (IL-5), could account for the variations in eosinophil counts observed in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV-infected patients without helminthiasis were investigated in a(More)
Anti-endothelial cell antibodies have beendescribed in sera from patients with inflammatory boweldisease. The aim of this study was to determine, byELISA, the IgG subclass distribution of anti-endothelial cell antibodies, in patients with ulcerativecolitis (N = 28) or Crohn's disease (N = 82) as comparedwith blood donors (N = 95). Thirty-six percent(More)
CD40 ligand (CD40L), a surface molecule which can be expressed by T cells, mast cells and basophils, has been shown to be involved in the control of B cell proliferation, immunoglobulin class switching as well as in the activation of monocytes and T cells. We demonstrate that CD40L can also be expressed constitutively by eosinophils from an(More)