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Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are multifunctional cytokines with many similar activities. LIF is structurally and functionally related to another cytokine, Oncostatin M (OSM), that binds to the high-affinity LIF receptor but not to the low-affinity LIF receptor. A complementary DNA was isolated that encodes the high-affinity(More)
cDNA clones encoding the human and murine interleukin-7 (IL-7) receptor were isolated and expressed in COS-7 cells. Binding of radiolabeled IL-7 to the recombinant IL-7 receptors produced curvilinear Scatchard plots containing high and low affinity classes. These binding properties, as well as the molecular size of the cloned receptor, were comparable to(More)
Oncostatin M (OSM) is a cytokine whose structural and functional features are similar to other members of the interleukin (IL)-6 family of cytokines (IL-6, IL-11, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), granulocyte colonystimulating factor, ciliary neurotrophic factor, and cardiotrophin-1), many of which utilize gp130 as a common receptor subunit. A biologically(More)
Interleukin-15 (IL-15) is a novel cytokine of the four-helix bundle family which shares many biological activities with IL-2, probably due to its interaction with the IL-2 receptor beta and gamma (IL-2R beta and gamma c) chains. We report here the characterization and molecular cloning of a distinct murine IL-15R alpha chain. IL-15R alpha alone displays an(More)
The receptor for leukemia inhibitory factor (LIFR), in combination with the signal-transducing subunit for interleukin-6-type cytokine receptors, gp130, and LIF, activates transcription of acute-phase plasma protein genes in human and rat hepatoma cells and the vasoactive intestinal peptide gene in a human neuroblastoma cell line. To identify the regions(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and oncostatin M (OSM) both bind to the same receptor with high affinity and thus mediate an overlapping spectrum of biological activities, the signal transduction mechanisms for which are unclear. We show that mitogen-activated protein kinases are involved in both the LIF and OSM signal transduction pathways. However, we(More)
A murine cell line (IxN/2b) absolutely dependent upon exogenous IL-7 for continued growth has been obtained that expresses lymphoid precursor and class I MHC antigens and also contains a rearranged mu heavy chain. This cell line has been used to define the binding and structural characteristics of the murine IL-7 receptor using 125I-labeled recombinant(More)
The broadly-neutralizing anti-HIV antibody 4E10 recognizes an epitope in the membrane-proximal external region of the HIV envelope protein gp41. Previous attempts to elicit 4E10 by vaccination with envelope-derived or reverse-engineered immunogens have failed. It was presumed that the ontogeny of 4E10-equivalent responses was blocked by inherent(More)
125I-labeled recombinant human GM-CSF was used to identify and characterize receptors specific for this lymphokine on both a mature primary cell, human neutrophils, and on the undifferentiated promyelomonocytic leukemia cell line, HL-60. Human GM-CSF also bound to primary human monocytes and to the myelogenous leukemia cell line, KG-1, but not to any of the(More)
125I-labeled recombinant human B cell stimulatory factor 1 (BSF-1) was used to characterize receptors specific for this lymphokine on in vitro cell lines representing human B, T, and hematopoietic lineages, as well as on adherent cell lines of epithelial and endothelial origin, and on primary human gingival fibroblasts. BSF-1 binding was extremely rapid and(More)