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Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) plays an important role in cholesterol homeostasis by enhancing the degradation of LDL receptor (LDLR) protein. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) has been shown to be atheroprotective. PPARγ can be activated by ligands and/or dephosphorylation with ERK1/2 inhibitors. The effect of(More)
Polyamidoamine (PAMAM) dendrimers represent one of the most efficient polymeric gene carriers. This study describes a new family of PAMAM dendrimers that can be synthesized using a Pentaerythritol derivative (PD) as a core that possesses 12 branches. This new approach in the synthesis of divergent dendrimers provided a rapid increase in the number of(More)
Ample attention has focused on cancer drug delivery via prodrug nanoparticles due to their high drug loading property and comparatively lower side effects. In this study, we designed a PEG-DOX-Cur prodrug nanoparticle for simultaneous delivery of doxorubicin (DOX) and curcumin (Cur) as a combination therapy to treat cancer. DOX was conjugated to PEG by(More)
D-peptides, which consist of D-amino acids and can resist the hydrolysis catalyzed by endogenous peptidases, are one of the promising candidates for construction of peptide materials with enhanced biostability in vivo. In this paper, we report on a self-assembling supramolecular nanostructure of D-amino acid-based peptide Nap-G(D)F(D)F(D)YGRGD (D-fiber,(More)
One of the major challenges of tissue-engineered small-diameter blood vessels is restenosis caused by thrombopoiesis. The goal of this study was to develop a 3D gradient heparinized nanofibrous scaffold, aiding endothelial cells lined on the lumen of blood vessel to prevent thrombosis. The vertical graded chitosan/poly ɛ-caprolactone (CS/PCL) nanofibrous(More)
An ideal vascular graft should have the ability to guide the regeneration of neovessels with structure and function similar to those of the native blood vessels. Regeneration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) with circumferential orientation within the grafts is crucial for functional vascular reconstruction in vivo. To date, designing and fabricating(More)
The vascular grafts prepared by electrospinning often have relatively small pores, which limit cell infiltration into the grafts and hinder the regeneration and remodeling of the grafts into neoarteries. To overcome this problem, macroporous electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds with thicker fibers (5-6 μm) and larger pores (∼30 μm) were fabricated(More)
A multifunctional drug delivery system based on MCM-41-type mesoporous silica nanoparticles is described that behaves as if nanogates were covalently attached to the outlets of the mesopores through a highly acid-sensitive benzoic-imine linker. Tumor-specific uptake and intracellular delivery results from the pH-dependent progressive hydrolysis of the(More)
Self-assembled prodrug nanoparticles have demonstrated great promise in cancer chemotherapy. In the present study, we developed a new kind of prodrug nanoparticles for targeted drug delivery. PEGylated doxorubicin conjugate with an acid-cleavable cis-aconityl spacer was prepared. Then it was functionalized with a tumor-penetrating peptide,(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to investigate the incorporation of plasmid DNA (pDNA) onto a coronary stent by chemo-immunoconjugation for achieving site-specific gene delivery. METHODS Anti-DNA immunoglobulin M antibody was chemically linked onto collagen-coated stent by using N-succinimidyl-3-(2-pyridyldithiol)-propionate as cross-linker.(More)