Delesha M. Carpenter

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BACKGROUND High-risk newborns are known to have higher than average utilization of services after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Most studies on this subject report aggregate data over periods ranging from 1 to 3 years postdischarge. Little is known about events that are temporally close to NICU discharge. OBJECTIVES To(More)
OBJECTIVE Previous research suggests that insufficient access to health care may contribute to health disparities in arthritis-related outcomes. The purpose of this article is to document whether racial disparities in health status, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and activity limitations exist for individuals living with arthritis who have access(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether comorbidities differentially impacted health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA) patients. METHODS Adult patients with self-reported doctor-diagnosed RA (n=159) or OA (n=149) were recruited from multiple sources and completed an online cross-sectional survey. Patients(More)
The objectives of the study were to examine provider-family communication about attention deficit disorder during pediatric asthma visits. Children with asthma, aged 8 through 16 and their parents were recruited at five pediatric practices. All medical visits were audio-taped. There were 296 asthmatic children enrolled into the study and 67 of them also had(More)
Maternal substance abuse is a serious problem with significant adverse effects to mothers, fetuses, and children. The Early Start Program provides pregnant women in a managed care organization with screening and early identification of substance abuse problems, early intervention, ongoing counseling, and case management by a licensed clinical social worker(More)
BACKGROUND Many factors influence glaucoma medication adherence. A better understanding of the relationships between health literacy, depressive symptoms, and patient-reported problems in using glaucoma medications may reveal opportunities for intervention that could improve patients' clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine (1) the extent to which caregivers and children asked asthma management questions during pediatric asthma visits; (2) the extent to which providers engaged in shared decision-making with these caregivers and children; and (3) the factors associated with question asking and shared decision-making. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the associations of provider-patient communication, glaucoma medication adherence self-efficacy, and outcome expectations with glaucoma medication adherence. DESIGN Prospective, observational cohort study. PARTICIPANTS Two hundred seventy-nine patients with glaucoma who were newly prescribed or taking glaucoma medications were(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to examine if patient demographic factors influenced self-reporting of medication side effects, difficulty with drop instillation, and nonadherence to glaucoma therapy. METHODS English-speaking adult glaucoma patients (n = 279) from six ophthalmology clinics were enrolled. Patients' medical visits were videotaped and(More)