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This study tested the cytotoxicity of a BDNF blended chitosan scaffold with human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs), and the in vitro effect of BDNF blended chitosan scaffolds on neural stem cell differentiation with the aim of contributing alternative methods in tissue engineering for the treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI). The(More)
Global genomic hypomethylation is a hallmark of cancer in humans. In the present study, the feasibility of measuring hypomethylation of Alu elements (Alu) in serum and its clinical utility were investigated. Tumor tissues and matched serum specimens from 65 glioma patients and serum samples from 30 healthy controls were examined for Alu hypomethylation by(More)
A key aspect of cell replacement therapy in brain injury treatment is construction of a suitable biomaterial scaffold that can effectively carry and transport the therapeutic cells to the target area. In the present study, we created small 3D porous chitosan scaffolds through freeze-drying, and showed that these can support and enhance the differentiation(More)
Lycium barbarum is used both as a food additive and as a medicinal herb in many countries, and L. barbarum polysaccharides (LBPs), a major cell component, are reported to have a wide range of beneficial effects including neuroprotection, anti-aging and anticancer properties, and immune modulation. The effects of LBPs on neuronal function, neurogenesis, and(More)
We previously developed a biomaterial scaffold that could effectively provide seed cells to a lesion cavity resulting from traumatic brain injury. However, we subsequently found that few transplanted human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) are able to migrate from the scaffold to the lesion boundary. Stromal derived-cell factor-1α and its(More)
The isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) gene mutation occurs frequently in glioma. While some studies have demonstrated that IDH1 mutations are associated with prolonged survival, the mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we found that growth was significantly inhibited in glioma cells overexpressing the mutated IDH1 gene. Furthermore, these cells were(More)
The therapeutic potential of umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells has been studied in several diseases. However, the possibility that human umbilical cord Wharton's jelly-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) can be used to treat neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) has not yet been investigated. This study focuses on the potential(More)
PURPOSE It is generally accepted that inflammation has a role in the progression of many central nervous system (CNS) diseases, although the mechanisms through which this occurs remain unclear. Among mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) targets, mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase (MSK1) has been thought to be involved in the pathology of(More)
The paired box 3 (PAX3), a crucial transcription factor, is normally expressed during embryonic development and is absent in normal adult human tissues. Deregulated expression of PAX3 has been observed in tumors like rhabdomyosarcoma and melanomas. To assess deregulated PAX3 expression in patients with gliomas, these samples from 57 glioma patients (13(More)
Here we review the technical aspects of our experience with the neuroendoscopic bilateral nostril (binostril) transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenomas. A total of 42 patients were treated in our hospital from September 2013 to December 2015. Total tumor resection was completed in 31 cases, nearly full resection was achieved in 9 cases, and partial(More)