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A natural attenuation experiment was carried out using a lysimeter for 308 days after contaminating the subsoil with hydrocarbons (HCs) and the changes in the structures of microbial community in the hydrocarbon (HC) contaminated subsoil were monitored by quinone profile analysis. The residues of HCs remained for 217 days in the subsoil after the(More)
A new approach was applied to represent the natural attenuation of hydrocarbon (HC) contaminants as observed in a field lysimeter experiment. The approach describes the microbial growth on HC contaminants and linked HC biodegradation under natural precipitation conditions. The HC contaminants contained an inert component (n-dodecane) and soluble components(More)
An approach was developed to represent the microbial growth and corresponding biodegradation of hydrocarbons (HCs) during the natural attenuation process based on field measurements of in situ microbial biomass and residual HC concentrations in unsaturated subsurface soil. A kinetic model combining Monod and logistic kinetics represents microbial growth(More)
Micro-nano bubbles (MNBs) are tiny bubbles with diameters on the order of micrometers and nanometers, showing great potential in environmental remediation. However, the application is only in the beginning stages and remains to be intensively studied. In order to explore the possible use of MNBs in groundwater contaminant removal, this study focuses on the(More)
Content of oxygen in water is a critical factor in increasing bioremediation efficiency for contaminated groundwater. Micro-nano bubbles (MNBs) injection seems to be an effective technique for increasing oxygen in water compared with traditional air sparging technology with macrobubbles. Micro-nano bubbles have larger interfacial area, higher inner pressure(More)
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