Dejan Zecevic

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We carried out experiments to monitor optically the generation and spread of action potentials and subthreshold potentials in the processes of individual neurons in ganglia of the snail, Helix aspersa. The neurons were selectively stained by intracellular pressure injection of voltage-sensitive dyes. Optical signals were detected by a system for fast,(More)
Understanding the biophysical properties of single neurons and how they process information is fundamental to understanding how the brain works. A technique that would allow recording of temporal and spatial dynamics of electrical activity in neuronal processes with adequate resolution would facilitate further research. Here, we report on the application of(More)
Purkinje neurons are the output cells of the cerebellar cortex and generate spikes in two distinct modes, known as simple and complex spikes. Revealing the point of origin of these action potentials, and how they conduct into local axon collaterals, is important for understanding local and distal neuronal processing and communication. By using a recent(More)
To obtain a more complete description of individual neurons, it is necessary to complement the electrical patch pipette measurements with technologies that permit a massive parallel recording from many sites on neuronal processes. This can be achieved by using voltage imaging with intracellular dyes. With this approach, we investigated the functional(More)
This paper presents three examples of imaging brain activity with voltage- or calcium-sensitive dyes and then discusses the methodological aspects of the measurements that are needed to achieve an optimal signal-to-noise ratio. Internally injected voltage-sensitive dye can be used to monitor membrane potential in the dendrites of invertebrate and vertebrate(More)
The spatial pattern of Na(+) channel clustering in the axon initial segment (AIS) plays a critical role in tuning neuronal computations, and changes in Na(+) channel distribution have been shown to mediate novel forms of neuronal plasticity in the axon. However, immunocytochemical data on channel distribution may not directly predict spatio-temporal(More)
The shape of action potentials invading presynaptic terminals, which can vary significantly from spike waveforms recorded at the soma, may critically influence the probability of synaptic neurotransmitter release. Revealing the conductances that determine spike shape in presynaptic boutons is important for understanding how changes in the electrochemical(More)
The input-output transform performed by mitral cells, the principal projection neurons of the olfactory bulb, is one of the key factors in understanding olfaction. We used combined calcium and voltage imaging from the same neuron and computer modeling to investigate signal processing in the mitral cells, focusing on the glomerular dendritic tuft. The main(More)
Optical methods for monitoring changes in membrane potential have been used to measure action potential activity in the buccal ganglion of an opisthobranch mollusc, Navanax inermis, while the animal was feeding. During feeding activity was detected in 10-15% of the approximately 200 neurons present in the ganglion. Control experiments carried out to(More)
Membrane potential can be measured optically using a variety of molecular probes. These measurements can be useful in studying function at the level of an individual cell, for determining how groups of neurons generate a behavior, and for studying the correlated behavior of populations of neurons. Examples of the three kinds of measurements are presented.(More)