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ecause stress is a leading cause of illness and disease and is so pervasive, there is an inherent need to be able to monitor stress in real time over extended periods. A real-time personal stress monitor would benefit individuals by providing continuous feedback about their stress levels and by helping their physicians to objectively evaluate stress(More)
In this paper we discuss issues surrounding wearable computers used as intelligent health monitors. Unlike existing holter monitors (for example, ECG and EEG holters), that are used mainly for data acquisition, the devices we discuss provide real-time feedback to the patient, either as a warning of impending medical emergency or as a monitoring aid during(More)
A wearable device for monitoring multiple physiological signals (polysomnograph) usually includes multiple wires connecting sensors and the monitoring device. In order to integrate information from intelligent sensors, all devices must be connected to a Personal Area Network (PAN). This system organization is unsuitable for longer and continuous monitoring,(More)
Medical monitors have benefited from technological advances in the field of wireless communication, processing and power sources. These advances have made possible miniaturization and prolonged operating times of medical monitors, as well as their global integration into telemedical systems. This allows patients to have real-time feedback about medical(More)
One of the most frequently used methods to sense breathing pattern is to detect airflow using a nasal thermistor or a thermocouple sensor. Prolonged, minimally intrusive measurement of the breathing pattern is particularly important for polysomnography, sleeping disorders, stress monitoring, biofeedback techniques, and circadian rhythm analysis. Although(More)
—Wireless sensor networks emerged as a key technology for prolonged, unsupervised monitoring in a wide spectrum of applications, from biological and environmental to civil and military. The sensor networks should operate autonomously for a long period of time with stringent resource and energy constraints. Energy conservation and power-awareness have become(More)
The goal of the study presented in this paper is to develop an embedded biomedical system capable of delivering maximum performance on demand, while maintaining the optimal energy efficiency whenever possible. Several hardware and software solutions are presented allowing the system to intelligently change the power supply voltage and frequency in runtime.(More)
—This paper presents an implementation of a platform-independent embedded web server and its integration into a network of wireless sensor nodes. The embedded web server is designed and built as an expansion module for one of the nodes in the wireless sensor network (WSN). It allows authorized Internet users to establish two-way communication with the(More)
Proper balance of power and performance for optimum system organization requires precise profiling of the power consumption of different hardware subsystems as well as software functions. Moreover, power consumption of mobile systems is even more important, since the battery is a large portion of the overall size and weight of the system. Average power(More)