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The current study, for which ethical approval was obtained, was designed to assess the extent to which the tenderness or mechanical allodynia observed in delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) might be mediated by large diameter myelinated nerve fibres. Healthy human volunteers were recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups: Normal-Control,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of two dosages of pulsed ultrasound therapy (1 MHz, spatial averaged peak intensity 0.8 W/cm2, mark space ratio of 1:4) on acute-stage delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). DESIGN Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. SETTING Laboratory of a university physiotherapy department. PARTICIPANTS(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study, which was approved by the University's Ethical committee, was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of Combined Low Intensity Laser Therapy/Phototherapy (CLILT) in alleviating the signs and symptoms of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) over an 11-day period. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-six(More)
BACKGROUND Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is commonly used for the management of pain; however, its effects on several pain and function measures are unclear. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of high-frequency TENS (HF-TENS) and low-frequency TENS (LF-TENS) on several outcome measures (pain at rest,(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to compare prospectively the effects of augmented biofeedback with those of sensory biofeedback alone on fecal incontinence and anorectal manometry after obstetric trauma. METHODS A consecutive cohort of 40 females with impaired fecal continence after obstetric anal sphincter injury were recruited from a dedicated perineal(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to investigate the hypoalgesic effects of self-applied transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on chronic low-back pain (LBP) in a multiple sclerosis (MS) population. METHODS Ninety participants with probable or definite MS (aged 21 to 78 y) presenting with chronic LBP were recruited and randomized into 3(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of pulsed low-intensity laser irradiation on nerve conduction in the human superficial radial nerve and on temperature in the skin overlying the nerve. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty-two healthy human volunteers were recruited and randomly assigned to either placebo, laser 1 (9.12 Hz), laser 2(More)
UNLABELLED Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is a noninvasive technique used for pain modulation. During application of TENS there is a fading of current sensation. Textbooks of electrophysical agents recommend that pulse amplitude should be constantly adjusted. This seems to be accepted clinically despite the fact that there is no direct(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the feasibility of a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) investigating the effects of adding auricular acupuncture (AA) to exercise for participants with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). METHODS Participants with CLBP were recruited from primary care and a university population and were randomly allocated (n=51) to 1 of 2 groups: (1)(More)
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is used clinically by a variety of health care professionals for the reduction of pain. Clinical effectiveness of TENS is controversial, with some studies supporting whereas others refute its clinical use. Although used by health professionals for decades, the mechanisms by which TENS produces analgesia or(More)