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1. The metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are a family of G-protein linked receptors that can be divided into three groups (group I, II and III). A number of studies have implicated group I mGluR activation in acute neuronal injury, but until recently it was not possible to pharmacologically differentiate the roles of the two individual subunits(More)
The effect of selective group I metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5) antagonists 2-methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine (MPEP) and (E)-2-methyl-6-(2-phenylethenyl)-pyridine (SIB-1893) on neuronal cell survival and post-traumatic recovery was examined using rat in vitro and in vivo trauma models. Treatment with MPEP and SIB-1893 showed significant(More)
The effects of the specific p42/44 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase cascade inhibitor, PD98059, were investigated on three types of long-term potentiation (LTP) in the medial perforant path of the rat dentate gyrus in vitro: LTP induced by 1) high-frequency stimulation (HFS-LTP), 2) application for 10 min of the K+ channel blocker, tetraethylammonium(More)
During neuronal development, GABAA-mediated responses are depolarizing and induce an increase in the intracellular calcium concentration. Since calcium oscillations can modulate neurite outgrowth, we explored the capability of GABA to induce changes in cerebellar granule cell morphology. We find that treatment with GABA (1-1000 microm) induces an increase(More)
Paraganglia resembling the carotid body have been described in the superior laryngeal nerve (SLN) of the rat and the aim of the present study was to determine if this tissue is chemosensitive. We developed a novel isolated SLN preparation superfused with HEPES-buffered Tyrode solution at 35 degrees C in vitro. A glass suction microelectrode was used to(More)
The effects of selective blockade of group I metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 1 (mGluR1) on neuronal cell survival and post-traumatic recovery was examined using rat in vitro and in vivo trauma models. The selective mGluR1 antagonists (RS)-1-aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid (AIDA), 7-(hydroxyimino)cyclopropa[b]chromen-1a-carboxylate ethyl ester(More)
The data we present here suggest that agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) can attenuate the effects of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta). Alzheimer's disease is associated with elevated levels of Abeta, and enhanced expression of PPARgamma. In this study, we determined that application of Abeta([1-40]) could impair(More)
The fibre types that run in a vagal branch projecting to the rat heart are described in this study. In order to obtain spontaneous discharge in this vagal branch and optimal recording conditions, we compared the decerebrate state to urethane, urethane-chloralose and pentobarbital-chloralose anaesthesia with regard to level of chronotropic cardiac vagal(More)
We have investigated the effect of a number of group I, II and III metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor agonists and antagonists on paired pulse depression in the medial perforant path of the rat dentate gyrus in vitro. A triphasic pattern of a large depression at short intervals (10-50 ms), a reduction of this depression at intermediate intervals (50-200(More)
The direct activation of metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) by 1S,3R-aminocyclopentane dicarboxylate (1S,3R-ACPD), has previously been shown to induce a relatively fast (maximum at 10 min) and slow (90 min) onset long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic transmission in the hippocampus. Here we report the first evidence for a relatively fast onset LTP(More)