Deirdre Leigh Church

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Burns are one of the most common and devastating forms of trauma. Patients with serious thermal injury require immediate specialized care in order to minimize morbidity and mortality. Significant thermal injuries induce a state of immunosuppression that predisposes burn patients to infectious complications. A current summary of the classifications of burn(More)
Enterobacteriaceae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) typically cause nosocomial infections. Previous surveillance in the Calgary Health Region showed that Escherichia coli strains producing ESBLs were common among community patients. During the period (2000 to 2002): 23 of 157 (15%) of the strains were positive for blaCTX-M genes from the(More)
Metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) have been increasingly recognized from clinical isolates worldwide, but the laboratory detection of these strains is not well defined. We report a study that developed an EDTA disk screen test and a molecular diagnostic assay for the detection of MBL-producing Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Using NCCLS disk methodology, inhibition(More)
BACKGROUND Routine infant vaccination with 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) began in the Calgary Health Region (Alberta, Canada) in 2002. We measured the impact of this vaccine program on invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). METHODS Prospective, population-based surveillance of all cases of IPD (with culture specimens obtained from sterile(More)
A population-based active-surveillance study of the Calgary Health Region (population, 929,656) was conducted from May 1999 to April 2000, to define the epidemiology of invasive Staphylococcus aureus (ISA) infections. The annual incidence was 28.4 cases/100,000 population; 46% were classified as nosocomial. Infection was most common in people at the(More)
A study was designed to evaluate the modified Hodge test (MHT), Mastdiscs ID inhibitor combination disks (MDI), Rosco Diagnostica Neo-Sensitabs (RDS), metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) Etest, and in-house multiplex PCR for the detection of well-characterized carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae. One hundred forty-two nonrepeat clinical isolates of(More)
BACKGROUND Anaerobes are a relatively uncommon but important cause of bloodstream infection. However, their epidemiology has not been well defined in non-selected populations. We sought to describe the incidence of, risk factors for, and outcomes associated with anaerobic bacteremia. METHODS Population-based surveillance for bacteremia with anaerobic(More)
OBJECTIVES Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli have emerged as significant causes of community-onset disease. We sought to identify risk factors for acquiring community-onset ESBL-producing E. coli. METHODS Prospective, population-based surveillance for ESBL-producing E. coli was performed in the Calgary Health Region(More)
OBJECTIVE Nosocomial bloodstream infections have been extensively investigated, but relatively few studies have specifically evaluated the epidemiology of intensive care unit-acquired bloodstream infections. The study objective was to define the incidence, risk factors, microbiology, and clinical outcomes of intensive care unit-acquired bloodstream(More)
BACKGROUND Bloodstream infections (BSI) have been traditionally classified as either community acquired (CA) or hospital acquired (HA) in origin. However, a third category of healthcare-associated (HCA) community onset disease has been increasingly recognized. The objective of this study was to compare and contrast characteristics of HCA-BSI with CA-BSI and(More)