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UNLABELLED INTRODUCTION The incidence of neurosyphilis has declined markedly since the introduction of penicillin therapy. While there are a number of case reports in the literature of neurosyphilis causing focal decreased 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans, to the best of our knowledge this is the(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to determine whether patients having underlying venous disease in their contralateral limbs indicates a more severe long-term clinical outcome in the ipsilateral limb after a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and to determine what other factors may influence the long-term outcome. METHODS An acute DVT was initially diagnosed by(More)
A combination of pulsed echo and continuous wave Doppler ultrasound was used to obtain blood flow velocity signals from the umbilical arteries of 18 normal patients from the 16th until the 40th week of pregnancy. Audio frequency analysis of these signals yielded fetal blood velocity waveforms. Analysis of these waveforms demonstrated that the placenta is an(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia arising from impaired methionine metabolism, and usually due to a deficiency of cystathionine beta-synthase is a significant and independent risk factor for symptomatic vascular disease. It is not known if hyperhomocysteinemia in apparently healthy asymptomatic subjects is associated with atherosclerosis and whether such a relationship(More)
The cerebral circulation of 25 normal term infants was investigated using continuous wave Doppler ultrasound. Serial blood flow velocity signals were obtained from the common carotid and anterior cerebral arteries during the first week of life. The records were processed using a frequency spectrum analyser to provide cerebral blood velocity waveforms. The(More)
We combined two ultrasound techniques to develop a safe, non-invasive, transcutaneous method of observing the circulation in the umbilical arteries and vein in the fetus. The umbilical cord can be located by standard echo ultrasound procedures, and this information can be used to direct a Doppler ultrasound beam on to the vessels in the cord. The signals(More)
By monitoring arterial blood flow signals across the chest wall in the area of the heart and timing them to the electrocardiogram or the heart sounds, it is often possible to differentiate between coronary artery flow and systemic artery flow. A Doppler ultrasound technique was used for the postoperative follow-up coronary artery reconstruction in ten(More)