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Changes in 1) heart rate, 2) brachial blood pressure, and 3) ankle systolic blood pressure, have been measured together with 4) diameter, 5) mean blood velocity, and 6) mean volume flow in the common femoral and posterior tibial arteries in normal volunteers following intravenous infusions of isoprenaline. A total of 70 studies in 15 normal volunteers were(More)
UNLABELLED INTRODUCTION The incidence of neurosyphilis has declined markedly since the introduction of penicillin therapy. While there are a number of case reports in the literature of neurosyphilis causing focal decreased 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose uptake on positron emission tomography/computed tomography scans, to the best of our knowledge this is the(More)
A combination of pulsed echo and continuous wave Doppler ultrasound was used to obtain blood flow velocity signals from the umbilical arteries of 10 patients during uncomplicated spontaneous labour. Audio frequency analysis of these signals yielded fetal blood velocity waveforms. Analysis of these waveforms demonstrated that placental vascular resistance to(More)
We combined two ultrasound techniques to develop a safe, non-invasive, transcutaneous method of observing the circulation in the umbilical arteries and vein in the fetus. The umbilical cord can be located by standard echo ultrasound procedures, and this information can be used to direct a Doppler ultrasound beam on to the vessels in the cord. The signals(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro studies have shown that as the organisation of a thrombus progresses its ultrasound appearance becomes more echogenic. When diagnosing a deep vein thrombosis (DVT) using duplex ultrasound, an estimation of the degree of organisation of the thrombus is made by assessing its echogenicity. This method is purely subjective and has many(More)
The cerebral circulation of 25 normal term infants was investigated using continuous wave Doppler ultrasound. Serial blood flow velocity signals were obtained from the common carotid and anterior cerebral arteries during the first week of life. The records were processed using a frequency spectrum analyser to provide cerebral blood velocity waveforms. The(More)
Calf veins are one of the most common sites for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) but the management of patients with calf vein thrombosis differs. Many centres consider pharmacological treatment unnecessary and elect not to examine the calf veins with duplex ultrasound. Others advocate monitoring the thrombus with serial venous duplex scanning and commence(More)
A combination of pulsed echo and continuous wave Doppler ultrasound was used to obtain blood flow velocity signals from the umbilical arteries of 18 normal patients from the 16th until the 40th week of pregnancy. Audio frequency analysis of these signals yielded fetal blood velocity waveforms. Analysis of these waveforms demonstrated that the placenta is an(More)