Deirdre Burns

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Multisite phosphorylation of the nuclear lamins is thought to regulate the process of mitotic nuclear envelope breakdown in vivo. Here we investigate the involvement of two proposed human mitotic lamin kinases, beta II protein kinase C (PKC) and p34cdc2/cyclin B kinase, in human lamin B1 phosphorylation in vitro and in intact cells. We find that both(More)
The human erythroleukemia (K562) cell line undergoes megakaryocytic differentiation and cessation of proliferation when treated with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA). To investigate the role of individual protein kinase C (PKC) isotypes in these events, we have assessed PKC isotype expression during leukemic proliferation and PMA-induced differentiation.(More)
The effect of phosphoinositides on the activity of protein kinase C (PKC) isotypes was investigated. PKC alpha, beta I, beta II, gamma, delta, epsilon, eta, and zeta were expressed in baculovirus-infected insect cells and purified by column chromatography. The calcium-activated PKC isotypes alpha, beta I, beta II, and gamma were not significantly activated(More)
The presence of large-amplitude, slow waves in the EEG is a primary characteristic that distinguishes cerebral activity during sleep from that which occurs during wakefulness. Although sleep-active neurons have been identified in other brain areas, neurons that are specifically activated during slow-wave sleep have not previously been described in the(More)
Cis-unsaturated fatty acids activate soluble protein kinase C (PKC) in vitro and in intact platelets. The following studies were conducted to determine the effects of oleate on individual isoenzymes of PKC in human platelets. Human platelets were found to contain predominantly PKC alpha, beta I, beta II, and delta with minor immunoreactivity for PKC(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) is activated at the nuclear membrane in response to a variety of mitogenic stimuli. In human leukemic cells, the beta II PKC isotype is selectively translocated and activated at the nucleus. We recently identified the nuclear envelope component lamin B1 as a major substrate for nuclear PKC both in whole cells and in vitro. Using(More)
The intracellular mechanisms that regulate the function of human neutrophils are not well understood. Receptor-initiated signaling events result in the production of several second messengers (e.g., Ca2+, diacylglycerol, phosphatidic acid, and arachidonic acid) with the potential to activate members of the protein kinase C (PKC) family of signaling enzymes.(More)
A series of deletion and truncation mutants of protein kinase C (PKC) were expressed in the baculovirus-insect cell expression system in order to elucidate the ability of various domains of the enzyme to bind phorbol dibutyrate (PDBu). A PKC truncation mutant consisting of only the catalytic domain of the enzyme did not bind [3H]PDBu, whereas a PKC(More)
To investigate the regulation of promoters containing classical phorbol ester response sequences (PEA-3/12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate response element motifs) by protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes, co-transfections were performed in human dermal fibroblasts with a plasmid containing either the human collagenase promoter or the porcine urokinase(More)