Learn More
The design of a tissue slice perfusion system is described, and examples are given showing the stability of this system for intracellular and extracellular recordings during changes in perfusion media. The stability of this system is attributed to several features. Mini-drips serve to cushion transient changes in flow rate when switching from one medium to(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-mediated death signaling induces oligomerization of proapoptotic Bcl-2 family member Bax into a high molecular mass protein complex in mitochondrial membranes. Bax complex formation is associated with the release of cytochrome c, which propagates death signaling by acting as a cofactor for caspase-9 activation. The(More)
African-American men die from prostate cancer (PC) nearly twice as often as white US men and consume about twice as much of the predominant US dietary heterocyclic amine, 2-amino-1-methyl-6-phenylimidazo[4,5-b]pyridine (PhIP), a genotoxic rat-prostate carcinogen found primarily in well-cooked chicken and beef. To investigate the hypothesis that PhIP(More)
A novel model of nutritionally induced hypertension in the rat is described. Dietary obesity was produced by providing sweet milk in addition to regular chow, which elicited a 52% increase in caloric intake. Despite 54% greater body weight gain and 139% heavier retroperitoneal fat pads, 120 days of overfeeding failed to increase systolic pressure in the(More)
The kinetics of macromolecular binding of a 5 micrograms/kg body wt dose of [14C]benzene was studied over 48 h in B6C3F1, DBA/2, and C57BL/6 mice and Fischer rats to determine if adduct levels reflect known differences in metabolic capacity, genotoxicity, and carcinogenic potency. Previous studies have suggested that differences in benzene toxicity among(More)
Most tumors are epithelial-derived, and although disruption of polarity and aberrant cellular junction formation is a poor prognosticator in human cancer, the role of polarity determinants in oncogenesis is poorly understood. Using in vivo selection, we identified a mammalian orthologue of the Drosophila polarity regulator crumbs as a gene whose loss of(More)
Covalent binding of the food-borne heterocyclic amine 2-amino-3, 8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx) to albumin and hemoglobin (Hb), 3.5-6.0 hr after oral administration of a single dose of either 21.3 or 228.0 microg of [14C]MeIQx (304 and 3257 ng/kg of body weight, respectively, based on a 70-kg subject weight), was studied in human volunteers(More)
This study investigated the effect of chemical and electrical stimulation of the area postrema on renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA), arterial pressure, and heart rate in urethan-anesthetized rabbits. Electrical stimulation of the area postrema at 2, 5, 10, 20, 40, and 80 Hz using constant currents of 7.5, 15, and 30 microA (pulse duration = 0.3 ms,(More)