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Although the Th17 subset and its signature cytokine, interleukin (IL)-17A (IL-17), are implicated in certain autoimmune diseases, their role in cancer remains to be further explored. IL-17 has been shown to be elevated in several types of cancer, but how it might contribute to tumor growth is still unclear. We show that growth of B16 melanoma and MB49(More)
In acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), naive donor CD4(+) T cells recognize alloantigens on host antigen-presenting cells and differentiate into T helper (Th) subsets (Th1, Th2, and Th17 cells), but the role of Th subsets in GVHD pathogenesis is incompletely characterized. Here we report that, in an MHC-mismatched model of C57BL/6 donor to BALB/c(More)
Sorted CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells from the peripheral blood or bone marrow of donor C57BL/6 (H-2(b)) mice were tested for their capacity to induce graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) by injecting the cells, along with stringently T cell-depleted donor marrow cells, into lethally irradiated BALB/c (H-2(d)) host mice. The peripheral blood T cells were at least 30(More)
T cells with T cell receptor (TCR) transgenes that recognized CD1 on syngeneic B cells stimulated B cells to secrete immunoglobulins in vitro. The CD4+, CD8+, or CD4-CD8- T cells from the spleen of the TCR transgenic BALB/c donors induced lupus with anti-double stranded DNA antibodies, proteinuria, and immune complex glomerulonephritis in irradiated BALB/c(More)
Immune tolerance to organ transplants has been reported in laboratory animals and in humans after nonmyeloablative conditioning of the host and infusion of donor bone marrow cells. We examined the mechanisms of immune tolerance to mouse cardiac allografts in MHC-mismatched hosts that developed mixed chimerism after posttransplant conditioning with a 2-wk(More)
Foxp3(+) regulatory T (Treg) cells include thymic-derived natural Treg and conventional T-derived adaptive Treg cells. Both are proposed to play important roles in downregulating inflammatory immune responses. However, the mechanisms of Treg expansion in inflammatory environments remain unclear. In this study, we report that, in an autoimmune-like(More)
Donor CD8(+) T cells play a critical role in mediating graft-vs-leukemia (GVL) activity, but also induce graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) in recipients conditioned with total body irradiation (TBI). In this study, we report that injections of donor C57BL/6 (H-2(b)) or FVB/N (H-2(q)) CD8(+) T with bone marrow cells induced chimerism and eliminated BCL1(More)
OBJECTIVE To test whether induction of chimerism lowers the amount of donor islets required for reversal of diabetes and renders the pancreas a suitable site for islet grafts in autoimmune diabetic mice. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The required donor islet dose for reversal of diabetes in late-stage diabetic NOD mice after transplantation into the liver(More)
OBJECTIVE Induction of mixed or complete chimerism via hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from nonautoimmune donors could prevent or reverse type 1 diabetes (T1D). In clinical settings, HLA-matched HCT is preferred to facilitate engraftment and reduce the risk for graft versus host disease (GVHD). Yet autoimmune T1D susceptibility is associated with(More)
  • Xiaofan Li, Ruishu Deng, +11 authors Defu Zeng
  • 2012
Previous experimental studies have shown that acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is associated with two waves of donor CD8(+) T cell expansion. In the current studies, we used in vivo bioluminescent imaging, in vivo BrdU labeling, and three different experimental GVHD systems to show that B7-H1 expression by recipient parenchymal cells controls the(More)