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A deficiency of dietary protein or amino acids has long been known to impair immune function and increase the susceptibility of animals and humans to infectious disease. However, only in the past 15 years have the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms begun to unfold. Protein malnutrition reduces concentrations of most amino acids in plasma. Findings(More)
Using RT-PCR and rapid amplication of cDNA ends (RACE) techniques, a 1345bp full-length cDNA fragment was obtained from Aspergillus sulphureus. The gene, designated MANN, codes for a 383-residue with a calculated mass of 41,389Da. MANN displayed amino acid sequence similarity to the beta-mannanase of Aspergillus aculeatus and Trichoderma reesei, members of(More)
Dietary supplementation of glutamine prevents intestinal dysfunction and atrophy in weanling piglets, but the underlying mechanism(s) are largely unknown. This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that weaning or glutamine may modulate expression of genes that are crucial for intestinal metabolism and function. In Expt. 1, we obtained small intestine(More)
Seventy-two crossbred pigs (7.58 +/- 0.30 kg BW) weaned at 28 +/- 3 d of age were used to investigate the effects of fish oil supplementation on pig performance and on immunological, adrenal, and somatotropic responses following an Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge in a 2 x 2 factorial design. The main factors consisted of diet (7% corn(More)
The objective of this experiment was to determine the net energy requirements for maintenance of growing and finishing pigs using regression models. Thirty-six growing (27.38 ± 2.24 kg) and 36 finishing (70.25 ± 2.61 kg) barrows were used and within each phase. Pigs received a corn-soybean meal diet fed at 6 levels of feed intake, which were calculated as(More)
A growth trial and a metabolism trial were conducted as 2 experiments to investigate the effects of dietary enzyme supplementation (primarily xylanase and beta-glucanase) on performance, nutrient digestibility, intestinal morphology, digestive organ size, and volatile fatty acid profiles in the hindgut of broiler chickens fed wheat-based diets. The(More)
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) on performance and immune responses of weaned pigs. In Exp. I, 72 crossbred pigs weaned at 19 to 23 days of age and weighing 7.20 +/- 0.11 kg were randomly allotted to four diets supplemented with CLA at 0, 1, 2 or 3%. On day 14, pigs were injected with ovalbumin(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the mechanism for the effect of elevated levels of dietary zinc oxide (ZnO) in enhancing the intestinal growth of weanling piglets. In Experiment 1, 4-wk-old (8.1 +/- 0.6 kg) crossbred barrows (n = 36) were assigned randomly to 1 of the 2 dietary groups, with 6 pens/group (3 pigs/pen). One group was fed the basal diet(More)
Two trials were conducted to study the effects of two Chinese herbal polysaccharides [achyranthan (ACH), a low-molecular-weight polysaccharide, and astragalan (APS), a high-molecular-weight polysaccaride] on the immunity and growth performance of young broilers. Trial 1 was a 28-d growth assay, in which 7-d-old broilers (n = 240) were randomly allotted to(More)
A total of 124 samples were collected from the intestine of broiler chickens, piglet faeces, fermented foods, soils and Chinese herbs. More than 750 strains of aerobic, spore-forming bacteria were isolated from these samples. The inhibitory activity of these spore-forming strains against Escherichia coli K88, E. coli K99, Salmonella typhimurium and(More)