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Microdeletions of 1q43q44 result in a recognizable clinical disorder characterized by moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID) with limited or no expressive speech, characteristic facial features, hand and foot anomalies, microcephaly (MIC), abnormalities (agenesis/hypogenesis) of the corpus callosum (ACC), and seizures (SZR). Critical regions have(More)
Normal development of the genitourinary (GU) tract is a complex process that frequently goes awry. In male children the most frequent congenital GU anomalies are cryptorchidism (1-4%), hypospadias (1%) and micropenis (0.35%). Bladder exstrophy and epispadias complex (BEEC) (1∶47000) occurs less frequently but significantly impacts patients' lives. Array(More)
Auto-SCT (ASCT) is widely used in first-line treatment of multiple myeloma (MM). However, most patients eventually relapse or have progression of disease (R/POD). Although precise knowledge of R/POD patterns would be important to generate evidence-based surveillance recommendations after ASCT, such data is limited in the literature, especially after(More)
BACKGROUND Alopecia areata (AA) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease characterized by folliculotropic T-cell infiltrates around anagen-stage hair follicles. The role of T helper (Th)1 and Th2 cytokines in the pathogenesis of AA have not been established. AIM To determine whether serum cytokine profiles define the severity of the AA phenotype or are(More)
Copy number variants (CNVs) are major contributors to genomic imbalance disorders. Phenotyping of 137 unrelated deletion and reciprocal duplication carriers of the distal 16p11.2 220 kb BP2-BP3 interval showed that these rearrangements are associated with autism spectrum disorders and mirror phenotypes of obesity/underweight and macrocephaly/microcephaly.(More)
Regional skin hypoplasia has been described in several genetic syndromes, including focal dermal hypoplasia (FDH), microphthalmia with linear skin defects (MLS), oculocerebrocutaneous syndrome (OCCS), and terminal osseous dysplasia and pigmentary defects (TODP). All but OCCS have been reported to follow an X-linked inheritance pattern. We describe a(More)
Myotonia congenita (MC) is a rare disorder of skeletal muscle caused by mutations in the CLCN1 gene,(1,2) which encodes the chloride ion channel found in the t-tubule of skeletal muscle. MC is characterized by impaired relaxation of voluntary muscle after sudden contraction that diminishes with muscle activity, known as the "warm-up effect." Individuals(More)
Haemangiomas are one of the most common benign tumours. Clinicians come across haemangiomas of different subtypes at different locations in the body. They are often faced with the question of whether to treat them or leave it to the natural history of the disease. We present a case of the intramuscular variety of haemangioma found in the unusual location of(More)