Deepesh Poudel

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An americium solution injected intramuscularly into several nonhuman primates (NHPs) was found to behave differently than predicted by the wound models described in the NCRP Report 156. This was because the injection was made along with a citrate solution, which is known to be more soluble than chlorides, oxides, or nitrates on which the NCRP Report was(More)
The NCRP 156 wound model was heavily based on data from animal experiments. The authors of the report acknowledged this limitation and encouraged validation of the models using data from human wound exposures. The objective of this paper was to apply the NCRP 156 wound models to the bioassay data from four plutonium-contaminated wound cases reported in the(More)
The aim of this study is to present several approaches that have been used to model the behavior of radioactive materials (specifically Pu) in contaminated wounds. We also review some attempts by the health physics community to validate and revise the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) 156 biokinetic model for wounds, and(More)
This study had a goal to evaluate the predictive capabilities of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) wound model coupled to the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) systemic model for 90Sr-contaminated wounds using non-human primate data. Studies were conducted on 13 macaque (Macaca mulatta) monkeys,(More)
After a chelation treatment, assessment of intake and doses is the primary concern of an internal dosimetrist. Using the urinary excretion data from two actual wound cases encountered at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), this paper discusses several methods that can be used to interpret intakes from the urinary data collected after one or multiple(More)
The predictions of the wound model described in NCRP Report No. 156, coupled with the systemic model described in ICRP 67, were compared with the actual urinary excretion data and wound retention data from nonhuman primates injected intramuscularly or subcutaneously with Pu(IV) citrate. The results indicated that the early behavior of Pu(IV) citrate in(More)
A major source of data on metabolism, excretion and retention of plutonium comes from experimental animal studies. Although old world monkeys are one of the closest living relatives to humans, certain physiological differences do exist between these nonhuman primates and humans. The objective of this paper was to describe the metabolism of plutonium in(More)
The current study tests the hypothesis that the biokinetics of Sr can be represented by simplification of the ICRP publication 78 Sr model. Default and proposed models were evaluated by their ability to predict injected activity and more thoroughly define the activity residing in the skeleton of rhesus monkeys. The data obtained from studies done by(More)
The National Council on Radiation Protection (NCRP)-156 Report proposes seven different biokinetic models for wound cases depending on the physicochemistry of the contaminant. Because the models were heavily based on experimental animal data, the authors of the report encouraged application and validation of the models using bioassay data from actual human(More)
Despite the presence of a relatively large amount of human data available on the metabolism of plutonium, the experimental animal data is still important in constructing and parameterizing the biokinetic models. Recognizing this importance, the biokinetic data obtained from studies done by P.W. Durbin in nonhuman primates (NHP) were evaluated against the(More)