Deepan S. H. Shah

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Glucansucrases of oral streptococci and Leuconostoc mesenteroides have a common pattern of structural organization and characteristically contain a domain with a series of tandem amino acid repeats in which certain residues are highly conserved, particularly aromatic amino acids and glycine. In some glucosyltransferases (GTFs) the repeat region has been(More)
Streptococcus mutans produces extracellular glucosyltransferases (GTFs) that synthesize glucans from sucrose. These glucans are important in determining the permeability properties and adhesiveness of dental plaque. GTFs and the GbpA glucan-binding protein are characterized by a binding domain containing a series of 33-amino-acid repeats, called 'A'(More)
Many factors contribute to the creation and maintenance of a realistic environment for cell growth in vitro, e.g. the consistency of the growth medium, the addition of supplements, and the surface on which the cells grow. The nature of the surface on which cells are cultured plays an important role in their ability to attach, proliferate, migrate and(More)
The Escherichia coli chemotaxis signal transduction pathway has: CheA, a histidine protein kinase; CheW, a linker between CheA and sensory proteins; CheY, the effector; and CheZ, a signal terminator. Rhodobacter sphaeroides has multiple copies of these proteins (2 x CheA, 3 x CheW and 3 x CheY, but no CheZ). In this study, we found a fourth cheY and(More)
Flagellar motility in Rhodobacter sphaeroides is notably different from that in other bacteria. R. sphaeroides moves in a series of runs and stops produced by the intermittent rotation of the flagellar motor. R. sphaeroides has a single, plain filament whose conformation changes according to flagellar motor activity. Conformations adopted during swimming(More)
This paper describes a membrane protein array that binds immunoglobulin G at its constant regions whilst leaving the variable regions free to bind antigen. The scaffold of the array is the transmembrane domain of outer membrane protein A (tOmpA) from Escherichia coli engineered to assemble as an oriented monolayer on gold surfaces via a single cysteine(More)
Protein arrays are used in a wide range of applications. The array described here binds IgG antibodies, produced in rabbit, to gold surfaces via a scaffold protein. The scaffold protein is a fusion of the monomeric E. coli porin outer membrane protein A (OmpA) and the Z domain of Staphylococcus aureus protein A. The OmpA binds to gold surfaces via a(More)
Many isolates of Streptococcus mutans lack the ability to ferment melibiose and other sugars. We previously reported that this was commonly due to a chromosomal deletion and, in the present study, sequence information from the S. mutans genome project was used to design PCR primers to explore the nature and extent of the deletion. In all melibiose-negative(More)
Flagellar hook-basal body (HBB) complexes were purified from Rhodobacter sphaeroides. The HBB was more acid labile but more heat stable than that of Salmonella species, and protein identification revealed that HBB components were expressed only from one of the two sets of flagellar gene clusters on the R. sphaeroides genome, under the heterotrophic growth(More)
The interaction between cells and the extracellular matrix (ECM) is essential during development. To elucidate the function of ECM proteins on cell differentiation, we developed biomimetic surfaces that display specific ECM peptide motifs in a controlled manner. Presentation of ECM domains for collagen, fibronectin, and laminin influenced the formation of(More)