Deepak Yadav

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Although lymphocyte infiltration and islet destruction are hallmarks of diabetes, the mechanisms of beta-cell destruction are not fully understood. One issue that remains unresolved is whether cytokines play a direct role in beta-cell death. We investigated whether beta-cell cytokine signaling contributes to autoimmune type 1 diabetes. We demonstrated that(More)
Cytokines are critical mediators in autoimmunity and a better understanding of their mode of action should contribute to the development of strategies for controlling harmful autoimmune reactions. Their complicated nature makes it difficult to classify them as pro- or anti-inflammatory mediators; redundancy in their mode of action has been widely reported.(More)
Segregating auditory scenes into distinct objects or streams is one of our brain's greatest perceptual challenges. Streaming has classically been studied with bistable sound stimuli, perceived alternately as a single group or two separate groups. Throughout the last decade different methodologies have yielded inconsistent evidence about the role of auditory(More)
NKG2D is a receptor used by NK cells to detect virally infected and transformed cells. It recognizes ligands that are expressed constitutively on primary tumors and tumor cell lines. In this report, we have identified four microRNAs (miRNAs) that each was sufficient to reduce the expression of the NKG2D ligand MHC class I-related chain A (MICA). One of(More)
The B7-1/2-CD28 system provides the critical signal for the generation of an efficient T cell response. We investigated the role played by B7-2 in influencing pathogenic autoimmunity from islet-reactive CD4 T cells in B7-2 knockout (KO) NOD mice which are protected from type 1 diabetes. B7-2 deficiency caused a profound diminishment in the generation of(More)
Costimulation by B7-1 and B7-2 molecules results in divergent biological effects. This is particularly striking in the NOD mouse, since the lack of B7-2 leads to complete protection from diabetes whereas the B7-1 deficiency causes exacerbation of disease. We tested the hypothesis that B7-1 costimulation suppresses pancreatic autoimmunity. We describe that(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are important regulators of the dynamic development and turnover of tissues. Among FGF receptors, FGFR3 expression is confined in the intestinal crypts. We examined FGFR3-deficient mice and saw increased intestinal crypt depth but no change in villae length or in the distribution of differentiated intestinal cells,(More)
The absence of B7-2-mediated costimulation protects NOD mice from the development of diabetes. Although the effects of B7-2 on T cell priming are well known, its impact on the function of APCs is not fully elucidated. We tested APC function and survival in mice lacking B7-2. A significant reduction in the phagocytic ability was observed in both splenic and(More)
Costimulation via the PD-1 and B7-H1/B7-DC pathway regulates immunity. We investigated whether the PD-1/PD-L pathway is impaired in autoimmune diabetes. A progressive increase in the expression of PD-1 and B7-H1/B7-DC on T cells and APC, respectively, was observed in the pancreatic lymph nodes of female non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice as they developed(More)
Spatial perception in echoic environments is influenced by recent acoustic history. For instance, echo suppression becomes more effective or "builds up" with repeated exposure to echoes having a consistent acoustic relationship to a temporally leading sound. Four experiments were conducted to investigate how buildup is affected by prior exposure to unpaired(More)