Learn More
Tocopherols (vitamin E) are lipid soluble antioxidants synthesized by plants and some cyanobacteria. We have earlier reported that overexpression of the gamma-tocopherol methyl transferase (gamma-TMT) gene from Arabidopsis thaliana in transgenic Brassica juncea plants resulted in an over six-fold increase in the level of alpha-tocopherol, the most active(More)
Type 1 regulatory T cells (Tr1 cells ) that produce interleukin 10 (IL-10) are instrumental in the prevention of tissue inflammation, autoimmunity and graft-versus-host disease. The transcription factor c-Maf is essential for the induction of IL-10 by Tr1 cells, but the molecular mechanisms that lead to the development of these cells remain unclear. Here we(More)
Populations of villages of eastern India and Bangladesh and many other parts of the world are exposed to arsenic mainly through drinking water. Due to non-availability of safe drinking water they are compelled to depend on arsenic-contaminated water. Generally, poverty level is high in those areas and situation is compounded by the lack of proper nutrition.(More)
This paper describes Pyro, a robotics programming environment designed to allow inexperienced undergraduates to explore topics in advanced robotics. Pyro, which stands for Python Robotics, runs on a number of advanced robotics platforms. In addition, programs in Pyro can abstract away low-level details such that individual programs can work unchanged across(More)
In this paper we propose an intrinsic developmental algorithm that is designed to allow a mobile robot to incrementally progress through levels of increasingly sophisticated behavior. We believe that the core ingredients for such a developmental algorithm are abstractions, anticipations, and self-motivations. We describe a multilevel, cascaded discovery and(More)
OBJECTIVE • To evaluate the safety and efficacy of ultrasonography (US)-guided renal access in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL), as compared with conventional fluoroscopy-guided renal access in a prospective randomized trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS • From January 2008 to October 2009, 224 patients with renal calculi undergoing PCNL were randomized into(More)
In 224 twin pairs (132 monozygotic, 86 dizygotic, and 6 of uncertain zygosity) in whom the index twin had developed IDDM before 30 yr of age, 51 of the co-twins (38 monozygotic, 10 dizygotic, and 3 of uncertain zygosity) subsequently became diabetic. On the basis of concordance ratios, which were significantly discrepant (P < 0.01) between monozygotic and(More)
CD4(+) interleukin 17 (IL-17)-producing helper T cells (T(H)17 cells) are instrumental in the immune response to pathogens. However, an overactive T(H)17 response results in tissue inflammation and autoimmunity, and therefore it is important to identify the molecular mechanisms that control the development of T(H)17 cells. IL-2 suppresses such development,(More)
In this article we describe a programming framework called Pyro, which provides a set of abstractions that allows students to write platform-independent robot programs. This project is unique because of its focus on the pedagogical implications of teaching mobile robotics via a top-down approach. We describe the background of the project, its novel(More)