Deepak Agrawal

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The purpose of this article is to explain the spread between rates on corporate and government bonds. We show that expected default accounts for a surprisingly small fraction of the premium in corporate rates over treasuries. While state taxes explain a substantial portion of the difference, the remaining portion of the spread is closely related to the(More)
Colon cancer has been classically described by clinicopathologic features that permit the prediction of outcome only after surgical resection and staging. We performed an unsupervised analysis of microarray data from 326 colon cancers to identify the first principal component (PC1) of the most variable set of genes. PC1 deciphered two primary, intrinsic(More)
Historical data have indicated the potential for the histologically-normal breast to harbor pre-malignant changes at the molecular level. We postulated that a histologically-normal tissue with “tumor-like” gene expression pattern might harbor substantial risk for future cancer development. Genes associated with these high-risk tissues were considered to be(More)
BACKGROUND New tumor markers and markers of tumor progression are needed for improved staging and for better assessment of treatment of many cancers. Gene expression profiling techniques offer the opportunity to discover such markers. We investigated the feasibility of sample pooling strategy in combination with a novel analysis algorithm to identify(More)
Early treatment of acute HIV-1 infection followed by treatment interruptions has shown promise for enhancing immune control of infection. A subsequent loss of control, however, allows the correlates of protective immunity to be assessed. Here we show that sudden breakthrough of plasma viraemia occurred after prolonged immune containment in an individual(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the indications for ventriculoperitoneal shunting in cases of children with tubercular meningitis, presenting with hydrocephalus. Thirty seven children (less than 18 years of age) of tubercular meningitis with hydrocephalus (TBMH) who underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunting over a three year period (1999 to 2001) were(More)
PURPOSE To explore the role of single-photon emission CT (SPECT) in initial diagnostic evaluation of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) and to identify subgroups in which it may serve as a useful diagnostic tool. MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients with MTBI seen during a 14-month period were prospectively included in this study. All patients had(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired drainage of the pancreatic duct is one of the possible triggers for post-ERCP acute pancreatitis. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine whether temporary stent placement across the main pancreatic-duct orifice lowers the frequency of post-ERCP acute pancreatitis in patients at high risk for this complication. METHODS Two(More)
The microenvironment has been shown to influence tumor cell phenotype with respect to growth, metastasis, and response to chemotherapy. We have utilized oligonucleotide microarray analysis to identify signal transduction pathways and gene products altered by the interaction of myeloma tumor cells with the extracellular matrix component fibronectin that may(More)