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Aflatoxins are well recognized as a cause of liver cancer, but they have additional important toxic effects. In farm and laboratory animals, chronic exposure to aflatoxins compromises immunity and interferes with protein metabolism and multiple micronutrients that are critical to health. These effects have not been widely studied in humans, but the(More)
The source of bloodmeals in 2,082 blood-fed mosquitoes collected from February 2002 through December 2003 in Memphis and surrounding areas of Shelby County, Tennessee were determined. Members of the genus Culex and Anopheles quadrimaculatus predominated in the collections. Members of the Cx. pipiens complex and Cx. restuans were found to feed predominately(More)
BACKGROUND Complex traumatic injuries sustained by military personnel, particularly when involving extremities, often result in infectious complications and substantial morbidity. One factor that may further impair patient recovery is the persistence of infections. Surface-attached microbial communities, known as biofilms, may play a role in hindering the(More)
— This paper proposes an approach for the segmentation of color images using CIELab color space and Ant based clustering. Image segmentation is the process of assigning a label to every pixel in an image such that pixels with the same label share certain visual characteristics. The objective of segmentation is to change the image into meaningful form that(More)
The emergence of invasive fungal wound infections (IFIs) in combat casualties led to development of a combat trauma-specific IFI case definition and classification. Prospective data were collected from 1133 US military personnel injured in Afghanistan (June 2009-August 2011). The IFI rates ranged from 0·2% to 11·7% among ward and intensive care unit(More)
In response to the high rates of colonization and infection by multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacilli (MDR GNB), many military treatment facilities (MTFs) have implemented additional infection control practices, such as active surveillance cultures for asymptomatic colonization. Results of surveillance cultures (June 2009 - May 2012) collected from(More)
Trans-epithelial tracer urea flux across Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells permanently expressing the urea transporter UT-A1 is stimulated by agents that activate the cAMP signaling pathway, such as vasopressin or forskolin, thus mimicking the activation of urea permeability in the inner medullary collecting duct in the presence of vasopressin. Here,(More)
Image Compression plays a very important role in image processing especially when we are to send the image on the internet. The threat to the information on the internet increases and image is no exception. Generally the image is sent on the internet as the compressed image to optimally use the bandwidth of the network. But as we are on the network, at any(More)
BACKGROUND In recent years, invasive fungal infections (IFI) have complicated the clinical course of patients with combat-related injuries. Commonalities in injury patterns and characteristics among patients with IFI led to the development of a Joint Trauma System (JTS) clinical practice guideline (CPG) for IFI management. We performed a case-control study(More)
BACKGROUND An outbreak of invasive fungal infections (IFI) began in 2009 among United States servicemen who sustained blast injuries in Afghanistan. In response, the military trauma community sought a uniform approach to early diagnosis and treatment. Toward this goal, a local clinical practice guideline (CPG) was implemented at Landstuhl Regional Medical(More)