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Youth adherence to highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) is poor, and little research exists that identifies the reasons youth have difficulty adhering to medications. Given that complete adherence is necessary for favourable health outcomes, it is essential to examine the obstacles youth face in adhering to HAART. The present investigation sought(More)
People with mental illness have long experienced prejudice and discrimination. Researchers have been able to study this phenomenon as stigma and have begun to examine ways of reducing this stigma. Public stigma is the most prominent form observed and studied, as it represents the prejudice and discrimination directed at a group by the larger population.(More)
To compare drug therapy problems identified by pharmacists in two patient samples, the Minnesota Sample and the South Australian Sample. Two patient samples were selected for this comparison. Both sets of patients received pharmaceutical care services from pharmaceutical care practitioners between March 1999 and February 2000. The two databases were then(More)
HIV-related stigma has a damaging effect on health outcomes among people living with HIV (PLWH), as studies have associated it with poor HIV medication adherence and depressive symptoms. We investigated whether depressive symptoms mediate the relationship between stigma and medication adherence. In a cross-sectional study, 720 PLWH completed instruments(More)
Stigma towards people living with HIV is pervasive in China and related to poor service utilization, psychosocial distress and diminished quality of life (QOL). In an effort to identify mechanisms to reduce HIV stigma and its negative consequences, we examined whether social support mediates the relation between enacted stigma and both depressive symptoms(More)
Previous research has suggested that, when compared to European Americans (EAs), African Americans (AAs) are at higher risk of metastatic disease at time of cancer diagnosis, and a higher risk of shorter survival. Although AA patients have reported worse physical health than EA patients, studies have rarely addressed whether racial/ethnic disparities exist(More)
The pathways through which stigma is associated with psychological distress remains understudied in Africa. This study evaluates stigma among 277 Mozambicans who were on an antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens for a full year. Using bivariate and multiple regression analyses, we examine psychosocial factors (disclosure decisions, perceived social support,(More)
The HIV Stigma Scale is a measure that assesses stigmatization perceived and experienced by people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Using Item Response Theory (IRT) methodologies, the present study examined HIV Stigma Scale responses from 224 Black and 317 White PLWHA to determine whether cross-cultural differences exist in responses to items of the scale. IRT(More)
Symptom management for persons living with HIV/AIDS is an extremely important component of care management. The importance of pharmacologic interventions for management of symptoms is well recognized, and non-pharmacologic strategies such as art therapy are gaining interest in lay and professional communities. The aim of this research project was to test(More)
HIV-related stigma has been associated with depression, poor adherence, and nondisclosure of HIV-positive status, all of which can lead to increased transmission of HIV and poorer health outcomes for HIV-infected individuals. The Berger HIV Stigma scale has been used in multiple settings but never adapted and validated in India, home to the world’s second(More)