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AIM To compare the efficacy of pentoxifylline and prednisolone in the treatment of severe alcoholic hepatitis, and to evaluate the role of different liver function scores in predicting prognosis. METHODS Sixty-eight patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis (Maddrey score > or = 32) received pentoxifylline (n = 34, group I) or prednisolone (n = 34, group(More)
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a monoclonal disease of histiocytes that can involve many or very few organ systems. It is a relatively benign disorder with a 3% mortality in adults. LCH rarely involves the thyroid gland. We report two cases, both presenting in males with a goiter. Both patients were treated with subtotal thyroidectomy. The first(More)
Vitamin-D supplementation in vitamin-D insufficient/deficient prediabetes individuals is associated with significantly lower progression to diabetes (6/55 vs. 13/49; p=0.04) and higher reversal to normoglycemia (23/55 vs. 10/49; p=0.02), associated with decreased insulin resistance and systemic inflammation (TNFα and IL6). Baseline vitamin-D and 2h blood(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the present study was to evaluate the collective role of N-epsilon-carboxy methyl lysine (N(ε)-CML), advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) for the development of retinopathy among type 2 diabetic subjects. METHODS Seventy type 2 diabetic subjects with nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), 105(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Patients with diabetes and vitamin-D insufficiency have increased insulin resistance. Similar observations among individuals with prediabetes are not well documented. The aim of this study was to find the occurrence of vitamin-D insufficiency/deficiency among individuals with prediabetes and to evaluate the relationship between(More)
Hypoparathyroidism in systemic sclerosis is extremely rare with only a single case reported till date. Idiopathic hypoparathyroidism with systemic sclerosis was diagnosed in a 59-year-old gentleman who had presented with recurrent seizures, instability of gait, skin thickening and tightening over both legs and forearms, and arthritis. Examination was(More)
OBJECTIVE Fetuin-A is a novel hepatokine. The number of biologic roles attributed to fetuin-A has increased exponentially in the past decade. The objective of this review is to discuss the pathophysiology of fetuin-A action, its proinflammatory and antiinflammatory attributes in different biological systems throughout the body, and pharmacologic(More)
Mutations in the basal core promoter (BCP) and precore (PC) regions are associated with persistent and intermittently high hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication in several patients. The variability in the functional domains of BCP and PC region of HBV and their association with disease progression and clinical outcome were assessed in Eastern India, an unique(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was intended to investigate whether oxidative stress is the key regulator to alter neuroretinal biochemical homeostasis and in turn aggravate the process of diabetic retinopathy by inducing nitrosative stress in the retinal neurovascular unit. METHODS Peripheral blood mononuclear cell reactive oxygen species level was measured(More)
BACKGROUND Impact of body fat distribution on bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD) at different sites has not been studied in type-2 diabetes (T2DM). This study aimed to compare BMC and BMD in normal (BMI < 25 kg/m(2)) and increased BMI (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) T2DM patients with age and BMI matched normal controls, and evaluate the impact of lean mass(More)