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It is well documented that muscle contraction results from cyclic rotations of actin-bound myosin cross-bridges. The role of actin is hypothesized to be limited to accelerating phosphate release from myosin and to serving as a rigid substrate for cross-bridge rotations. To test this hypothesis, we have measured actin rotations during contraction of a(More)
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease characterized by left ventricular and/or septal hypertrophy and myofibrillar disarray. It is caused by mutations in sarcomeric proteins, including the ventricular isoform of myosin regulatory light chain (RLC). The E22K mutation is located in the RLC Ca(2+)-binding site. We have studied transgenic (Tg) mouse(More)
The rotation of myosin heads and actin were measured simultaneously with an indicator of the enzymatic activity of myosin. To minimize complications due to averaging of signals from many molecules, the signal was measured in a small population residing in a femtoliter volume of a muscle fiber. The onset of rotation was synchronized by a sudden release of(More)
Infrared scene projectors (IRSPs) are a critical laboratory tool for setup, testing and calibration of infrared imaging systems. These projectors create an infrared scene of precisely known characteristics. The projector typically uses a single chip infrared emitter array to produce actual infrared imagery. A promising device technology for building emitter(More)
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