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Resting heart rate is significantly associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, the extent to which resting heart rate is genetically determined is poorly understood, and no genes have been found that contribute to variation in resting heart rate. Because signaling through the beta1 adrenergic receptor is a key determinant of cardiac(More)
This study was designed to investigate plasma circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines, adiponectin and high-sensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) in young men with type 2 diabetes. New-onset young men with type 2 diabetes (young diabetes, YDM; age between 10 and 25) were recruited and divided into a non-obese group (NOYDM, body mass index, BMI ≦ 25 kg/m(2), N(More)
Many studies showed that depression is correlated with osteoporosis, while others showed that low cholesterol level is also related to depression. However, these relationships still remain controversial. Since the bone mineral density (BMD) is related to depression and depression is related to hypocholesterolemia, there might exist a correlation between BMD(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to evaluate insulin sensitivity, proinflammatory markers and adiponectin concentration in young males with different subtypes of depressive disorder. METHODS Nonobese young males with depressive disorder (ages between 18 years and 30 years; body mass index, BMI < or = 25 kg/m(2)) were recruited and divided into reactive(More)
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the most serious complications of diabetes, accounting for the majority of patients with end-stage renal disease. The molecular pathogenesis of DN involves multiple pathways in a complex, partially resolved manner. The paper presents an exploratory epistatic study for DN. Association analysis were performed on 231 SNP(More)
Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) and sporadic periodic paralysis (SPP) are the most common causes of hypokalemic periodic paralysis (HPP) in EDs in Asia. Their neuromuscular presentations are almost indistinguishable. We conducted this study to identify clinical clues that can help EPs distinguish between TPP and SPP. Thirty-four patients presenting to(More)
Recent studies indicate that obesity may play a key role in modulating genetic predispositions to type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study examines the main effects of both single-locus and multilocus interactions among genetic variants in Taiwanese obese and nonobese individuals to test the hypothesis that obesity-related genes may contribute to the etiology of(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a common microvascular complication of diabetes. In this study, we aimed to explore both primary effects of single-locus and multilocus interactions to test the hypothesis that the type 2 diabetes (T2D) genes may contribute to the aetiology of DN in T2D independently and/or through complex interactions in a Taiwanese(More)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect and safety of chromium-containing milk powder in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in Taiwan. A total of 60 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, aged 30 to 75 years, and on a dose of gliclazide sulfonylurea agent (< or =160 mg/d) for(More)
OBJECTIVE Impaired insulin sensitivity (SI) and β-cell function are the two main causes of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and are related to low-grade inflammation status. Trivalent chromium has shown to improve SI in our previous study. This might be due to the ability of decreasing interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) shown in animal studies.(More)