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Acetate, a glial-specific substrate, is an attractive alternative to glucose for the study of neuronal-glial interactions. The present study investigates the kinetics of acetate uptake and utilization in the rat brain in vivo during infusion of [2-13C]acetate using NMR spectroscopy. When plasma acetate concentration was increased, the rate of brain acetate(More)
Recent studies with a conditional mouse model of spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) suggest that neuronal dysfunction is reversible and neurodegeneration preventable with early interventions. Success of such interventions will depend on early detection of neuronal and glial abnormalities before cell loss and availability of objective methods to monitor(More)
Commercial solutions for pentobarbital anesthesia typically contain water H spectra. The purpose of the present study was to measure the concentration of metabolites in the rat brain in vivo under pentobarbital anesthesia using 1H MRS. Resonances of PG, but not ethanol, were observed in the rat brain. Chemical shifts and J-coupling constants for PG were(More)
Acute phencyclidine (PCP) administration mimics some aspects of schizophrenia in rats, such as behavioral alterations, increased dopaminergic activity and prefrontal cortex dysfunction. In this study, we used single-voxel (1)H-MRS to investigate neurochemical changes in rat prefrontal cortex in vivo before and after an acute injection of PCP. A short-echo(More)
All (13)C NMR studies of brain glycogen to date relied on observing the incorporation of (13)C label into glycogen, and thus interpretation was potentially affected by changes in (13)C label turnover rates. The goal of this study was to quantify total brain glycogen concentration under conditions of hypoglycemia or normoglycemia using biochemical methods.(More)
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