Learn More
1. We examined effects of bradykinin (BK) receptor antagonists on airway hyperresponsiveness and eosinophilia in sensitized guinea-pigs that had been administered single, as well as repeated (chronic) challenges with inhaled ovalbumin. In addition, the effects of BK antagonists on antigen-induced respiratory distress during the chronic study were noted. 2.(More)
We have examined pulmonary effects of bradykinin (Bk) in vivo and in vitro in guinea pigs and their potential inhibition by antagonists of Bk B1 and B2 receptors. Bk was a potent bronchoconstrictor in vivo and caused contractions of isolated, epithelium-denuded trachealis. D-Arg[Hyp3,D-Phe7]-Bk (NPC567) and D-arg[Hyp3,Thi5,8,D-Phe7]-Bk (NPC349), B2 receptor(More)
Kinin receptors are classified as B1 and B2 based upon agonist and antagonist potencies and cloning and expression studies. Using sequences from human and rat bradykinin B2 receptors, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was utilized to isolate cDNA from guinea pig lung. The receptor obtained is predicted to have 372 amino acids and shares > 80% sequence(More)
1. The effects of several adenosine analogues and antagonists on guinea-pig isolated trachea have been examined. 2. 5'-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (NECA), 5'-N-methylcarboxamidoadenosine (MECA) and adenosine (in the presence and absence of dipyridamole) elicited concentration-dependent tracheal relaxation. 3. The R(-)- and S(+)-enantiomers of(More)
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) hydrolyzes several bioactive lipids including the endocannabinoid anandamide. Synthetic FAAH inhibitors are being generated to help define the biological role(s) of this enzyme, the lipids it degrades in vivo, and the disease states that might benefit from its pharmacological modulation. AZ513 inhibits human FAAH(More)
Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) has emerged as a potential target for developing analgesic, anxiolytic, antidepressant, sleep-enhancing, and anti-inflammatory drugs, and tremendous efforts have been made to discover potent and selective inhibitors of FAAH. Most known potent FAAH inhibitors described to date employ covalent mechanisms, inhibiting the(More)
Talnetant and osanetant, two structurally diverse antagonists of neurokinin-3 receptor (NK3), displayed distinct modes of action in Ca2+ mobilization. Although talnetant showed a normal Schild plot with a slope close to unity and a Kb similar to its Ki value in binding, osanetant presented an aberrant Schild with a steep slope (3.3 +/- 0.5) and a Kb value(More)
The functional IL-5 receptor is a heteromeric complex consisting of an alpha and beta subunit. The cloning, sequencing and expression of guinea-pig IL-5Ralpha and beta subunits is described. The guinea-pig IL-5Ralpha subunit cDNA encodes a protein of M(r)47 kDa, which is 72 and 66% homologous to the human and murine orthologs, respectively. Three guinea-pig(More)
The effects of 1,4-dihydro-2,6-dimethyl-4-phenyl-pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid dimethyl ester (DHMP) on Ca2(+)-evoked contractions in potassium-depolarized guinea-pig ileum longitudinal muscle were evaluated. DHMP (1-10 nM) potentiated Ca2(+)-evoked contractions; maximum enhancement was seen at 1 nM. A concentration-dependent inhibition of Ca2(+)-induced(More)
Interleukin-5 (IL-5) is a key mediator of eosinophilic inflammation. The biological role of this cytokine in an allergic airway inflammatory response has been widely demonstrated in guinea pigs, yet the interaction of guinea pig IL-5 (gpIL-5) with its receptor has not been studied. Experiments were performed to quantitate the interaction of gpIL-5 with(More)
  • 1