Debra Steele-Johnson

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Two studies tested the joint effects of goal orientation and task demands on motivation, affect, and performance, examining different factors affecting task demands. In Study 1 (N = 199), task difficulty was found to moderate the effect of goal orientation on performance and affect (i.e., satisfaction with performance). In Study 2 (N = 189), task(More)
Training and development are integral to organizational change but are difficult to accomplish effectively in dynamic and complex work environments. Such environments can lead to nonoptimal training conditions that reduce individuals' readiness to change and training effectiveness. On the basis of the transtheoretical model of change (J. O. Prochaska, C. C.(More)
ly are more central to the concept whereas tasks involving short-term memory and relatively simple speeded checking tasks are more peripheral but still are part of the repertoire. One way of organizing cognitive ability is in a hierarchical model such as suggested by Vernon (1950) and others (Ackerman 1989a; Burt 1949; Humphreys 1982; Lubinski and Dawes(More)
This study compared the efficacy of a job knowledge test in predicting task performance and examined the mediating effect of job knowledge in the cognitive ability-performance relationship. Two hundred undergraduates completed a test of cognitive ability and a written job knowledge test, and then performed a computer-generated truck dispatching simulation.(More)
On the afternoon of Sunday, September 14, 2008, the remnants from the Gulf Coast’s Hurricane Ike moved through Ohio. Although not as devastating as a tornado, hurricane force winds caused substantial storm damage and extensive loss of power. The high winds cut electrical service to more than half of the local power company’s one-half million regional(More)
Our purpose was to examine whether positive error framing, that is, making errors salient and cuing individuals to see errors as useful, can benefit learning when task exploration is constrained. Recent research has demonstrated the benefits of a newer approach to training, that is, error management training, that includes the opportunity to actively(More)
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