Learn More
Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in chickens leads to tracheitis, airsacculitis, poor feed conversion and reduced egg production, resulting in considerable economic hardship on the poultry industry. The chemokines and cytokines responsible for recruitment, activation and proliferation of leukocytes in affected tissues have not been described. In the(More)
Colonization of the avian respiratory tract with Mycoplasma gallisepticum results in a profound inflammatory response in the trachea, air sacs, conjunctiva, and lungs. A live attenuated M. gallisepticum vaccine strain, GT5, was previously shown to be protective in chickens upon challenge; however, the mechanisms by which this vaccine and others confer(More)
In the present study, a mucosal vaccine was used in an effort to elicit serum IgG and intestinal secretory IgA against the mycotoxin aflatoxin B1 (AFB) in chickens. AFB was coupled to carrier proteins (BSA and porcine thyroglobulin) for use as a vaccine and ELISA coating antigen, respectively. Seven-day-old broiler chicks were divided into groups of 10 and(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a modified live Mycoplasma gallisepticum vaccine (GT5) for the protection of chickens against infection and respiratory disease. GT5 was constructed by the reconstitution of the avirulent high passage R (R(high)) strain with the gene encoding the major cytadhesin GapA. GT5 expressed GapA on its surface yet(More)
Guinea pigs immunized intranasally with a keyhole limpet hemocyanin-linked peptide, corresponding to the prominent G-H loop of the VP1 protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus, raised substantial levels of antipeptide and virus-neutralizing antibodies in sera and of peptide-specific secretory immunoglobulin A in nasal secretions. In groups of animals(More)
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a significant human respiratory pathogen that causes high morbidity worldwide. No vaccine to prevent M. pneumoniae infection currently exists, since the mechanisms of pathogenesis are poorly understood. To this end, we constructed a P30 cytadhesin mutant (P-130) with a drastically reduced capacity for binding to erythrocytes and an(More)
Given that donor T cells from a transplant contribute both the desired graft-versus-tumour (GVT) effect and detrimental graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), strategies to separate GVHD and GVT activity are a major clinical goal. We have previously demonstrated that in vivo administration of a recombinant (r)IL-7/HGFβ hybrid cytokine, consisting of(More)
We have reported that in vivo administration of the hybrid cytokine rIL-7/HGFβ or rIL-7/HGFα, which contains interleukin-7 (IL-7) and the β- or α-chain of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), significantly enhances thymopoiesis in mice after bone marrow transplantation. We have shown that the HGF receptor, c-Met, is involved in the effect of the hybrid(More)
Tolerance induction, and thus prevention or treatment of autoimmune disease, is not only associated with the persistent presence of self-antigen in the thymus, but also relies on a functional thymus; however, the thymus undergoes profound age-dependent involution. Thymic epithelial cells (TECs) are the major component of the thymic microenvironment for T(More)
Synthetic peptides derived from the G-H loop of the foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) capsid protein VP1 are relatively poor at recapitulating the native conformation present in the virus, and thus are often poor immunogens. We hypothesized that a candidate mucosal vaccine against FMDV could be developed using the non-toxic Pseudomonas aeruginosa exotoxin(More)