Debra Malpass

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The Situation x Trait Adaptive Response (STAR) model hypothesizes that nicotine reduces negative and enhances positive affect to a greater degree in situations involving internally driven attention, as when stressor stimuli are distal (past or future), thereby allowing nicotine-primed biasing of attentional processing away from negative and toward positive(More)
The goal of the study was to examine whether speakers naming pairs of objects would retrieve the names of the objects in parallel or in sequence. To this end, we recorded the speakers' eye movements and determined whether the difficulty of retrieving the name of the 2nd object affected the duration of the gazes to the 1st object. Two experiments, which(More)
Cigarette smoking is highly prevalent in people diagnosed with depression, and depressed smokers are less likely to quit. Examining depressed smokers’ responses to smoking will help determine the role of depression in maintaining cigarette smoking. To determine the psychomotor, subjective and physiological effects of cigarette smoking in currently depressed(More)
Despite the importance of the subject, the effects of nicotine on the interplay between affect and attentional bias are not clear. This interplay was assessed with a novel design of the Primed Attentional Competition Task (PACT). It included a 200-ms duration emotional priming picture (negative, positive, or neutral) followed by a dual-target picture of two(More)
ICI 185,282 is a specific thromboxane receptor antagonist developed by ZENECA Pharmaceuticals for potential use in the treatment of inflammatory disease. During safety evaluation in dogs, multifocal granulomatous infiltrates occurred in multiple organs at high dose levels. These consisted predominantly of enlarged histiocytic cells. We reported a 28-day(More)
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