Debra L Williams

Learn More
The liver is an important site of host-microbe interaction. Although hepatocytes have been reported to be responsive to lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the global gene expression changes by LPS and mechanism(s) by which LPS stimulates cultured hepatocytes remain uncertain. Cultures of primary mouse hepatocytes were incubated with LPS to assess its effects on the(More)
In contrast to endothelin-1 (ET-1) and several of its analogues, sarafotoxin S6c (S6c) was a much more potent inhibitor of [125I]-ET-1 binding in rat hippocampus and cerebellum (Ki approximately 20 pM) than in rat atria and aorta (Ki approximately 4500 nM), suggesting the existence of ET-1 receptor subtypes (aorta/atria, ETA; hippocampus/cerebellum, ETB).(More)
The liver, skin, and gastrointestinal tract are major target organs of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), the major complication of allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). In order to gain a better understanding of acute GVHD in the liver, we compared the gene expression profiles of livers after experimental allogeneic and syngeneic BMT using(More)
OBJECTIVE The chemokine receptor CXCR3 has an important role in the migration of effector T cells. To investigate the role of CXCR3 on donor cells in acute graft vs host disease (GVHD) we used a well-defined experimental bone marrow transplantation (BMT) model where acute GVHD is mediated by donor CD8(+) T cells against minor histocompatibility antigens.(More)
Idiopathic pneumonia syndrome (IPS) is a major complication after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (allo-BMT) and involves the infiltration of donor leukocytes and the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. We hypothesized that leukocyte recruitment during IPS is dependent in part upon interactions between chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) and its primary(More)
In the present study, the distribution and nature of specific xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes has been studied. Immunocytochemistry revealed the specific isoenzyme profile of the different cell types in mouse, rat and human skin. Constitutive levels of cytochrome P-450 1A1/A2 (CYP1A1/A2), CYP2B1/B2 and glutathione S-transferase were concentrated in the(More)
Two subtypes of the high affinity endothelin-1 (ET-1) receptor were identified in human tissue, and were distinguished by their differential affinities for sarafotoxin S6c (S6c). Uterus contains mostly the ETA subtype, with low affinity for S6c (Ki greater than 7300 nM), while the predominant subtype in hippocampus is ETB, with high affinity for S6c (Ki =(More)
Two subtypes of human endothelin receptors, ETA and ETB, have been cloned and stably expressed in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. These receptors have been characterized by [125I]-endothelin-1 binding and phosphatidyl inositol hydrolysis using the potent peptidyl ETA antagonists BQ-123 and BQ-153, as well as the potent ETB agonist, sarafotoxin S6c. In binding(More)
Rat brain catecholamine synthesis is enhanced by small doses of tyrosine, but not by doses of 50mg/kg body wt. and above. It is suggested that these latter doses overcome the above enhancement by causing a substrate inhibition of tyrosine hydroxylase activity.