Debra L Lee

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We report an unusual case of ureteral duplication with lower-pole ectopia and ureterolithiasis, which violates the Weigert-Meyer law. The duplicated ureter arose from a lower-pole calyx and drained inferiorly into the ipsilateral vas. A presentation of the case is followed by a comparison to the only known similar one, reported in 1988. A possible(More)
BACKGROUND Halothane has been previously shown in vitro to decrease both the inward calcium current in isolated cells and the density of calcium antagonist binding sites in cardiac sarcolemmal membranes prepared from several species, including humans, presumably contributing to the negative inotropic effects seen with volatile anesthetics. In this study we(More)
BACKGROUND Erythropoietin stimulating agents (ESAs) are high-cost medications that have a significant impact on many pharmacy budgets. Recently, ESAs have received stronger safety warnings and reimbursement has been curtailed by third-party payers including the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. For these reasons, many hospitals are developing(More)
The internal jugular vein usually is found either lateral or anterolateral to the carotid artery when it is cannulated for central vein access using external anatomical landmarks. We report a case in which the carotid artery was inadvertently punctured, but the right internal jugular vein could not be found. We used ultrasonic guidance to determine that the(More)
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