Debra J. Search

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3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme-A reductase (HMGR) inhibitors, more commonly known as statins, represent the gold standard in treating hypercholesterolemia. Although statins are regarded as generally safe, they are known to cause myopathy and, in rare cases, rhabdomyolysis. Statin-dependent effects on plasma lipids are mediated through the inhibition of(More)
The first generation peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist gemfibrozil reduces the risk of major cardiovascular events; therefore, more potent PPARalpha agonists for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases have been actively sought. We describe two novel, potent oxybenzylglycine PPARalpha-selective agonists, BMS-687453(More)
Statins, because of their excellent efficacy and manageable safety profile, represent a key component in the current armamentarium for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia. Nonetheless, myopathy remains a safety concern for this important drug class. Cerivastatin was withdrawn from the market for myotoxicity safety concerns. BMS-423526(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic glucocorticoid excess has been linked to increased atherosclerosis and general cardiovascular risk in humans. The enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11βHSD1) increases active glucocorticoid levels within tissues by catalyzing the conversion of cortisone to cortisol. Pharmacological inhibition of 11βHSD1 has been shown to(More)
Antibodies generated against a synthetic growth hormone (GH) peptide in a number of animal species were shown to enhance the efficacy of GH. However, the ability to produce the effective antibodies diminished over time and repeated boosters failed to overcome the hurdle. Therefore, this study was designed to address the issue on the failed antibody(More)
BACKGROUND P2Y(6), a purinergic receptor for UDP, is enriched in atherosclerotic lesions and is implicated in pro-inflammatory responses of key vascular cell types and macrophages. Evidence for its involvement in atherogenesis, however, has been lacking. Here we use cell-based studies and three murine models of atherogenesis to evaluate the impact of P2Y(6)(More)
An 1,3-oxybenzylglycine based compound 2 (BMS-687453) was discovered to be a potent and selective peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist, with an EC(50) of 10 nM for human PPARalpha and approximately 410-fold selectivity vs human PPARgamma in PPAR-GAL4 transactivation assays. Similar potencies and selectivity were also observed in(More)
The synthesis and follow-up SAR studies of our development candidate 1 by incorporating 2-aryl-4-oxazolylmethoxy and 2-aryl-4-thiazolylmethoxy moieties into the oxybenzylglycine framework of the PPARalpha/gamma dual agonist muraglitazar is described. SAR studies indicate that different substituents on the aryloxazole/thiazole moieties as well as the choice(More)
We studied the effects of alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists (A2AA) on nitrogen (N) partitioning. The diets fed contained 19.8% CP and 1.15% lysine. Pigs were fed the diet as a percentage of BW equaling approximately 90% of voluntary intake. In Trial 1, pigs (n = 11/treatment) were fed a basal diet and injected s.c. at 8-h intervals for 11 d with saline,(More)
The presence of alpha2-adrenoceptors in membranes from omental and s.c. adipose tissue from gilts and barrows was shown in saturation binding assays with [3H]yohimbine. Four trials tested effects of alpha2-adrenoceptor antagonists (A2AA) on plasma concentrations of NEFA and urea nitrogen (PUN). In Trial 1, barrows were given i.v. injections of saline, 200(More)