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Screening guidelines recommend testing all sexually active female adolescents for Chlamydia trachomatis during a pelvic examination at each clinic visit. Such criteria have been based on cross-sectional studies; new evaluations should take into account multiple clinic visits and assess whether criteria are appropriate when a prior test is negative and risk(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of in vitro resistance to metronidazole among unselected isolates of Trichomonas vaginalis and correlate in vitro findings with response to metronidazole therapy. STUDY DESIGN Vaginal fluid from women attending a gynecology clinic at an urban hospital was cultured, isolates were tested for in vitro resistance to(More)
Determining the magnitude of chlamydia and gonorrhea reinfection is critical to inform evidence-based clinical practice guidelines related to retesting after treatment. PubMed was used to identify peer-reviewed English language studies published in the past 30 years that estimated reinfection rates among females treated for chlamydia or gonorrhea. Included(More)
GOAL Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common nonviral sexually transmitted infection in the United States and may be associated with adverse birth outcomes and may also increase susceptibility to or transmissibility of human immunodeficiency virus. The purpose of this analysis is to describe the epidemiology of T. vaginalis in Sexually Transmitted Disease(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate current Chlamydia trachomatis screening guidelines, which recommend that all sexually active female adolescents undergoing a pelvic examination be tested for chlamydial infection, and determine if instead providers should target particular subpopulations of these adolescents. METHODS Data were collected from 148,650 sexually active(More)
OBJECTIVES To review the epidemiology, research, and prevention programs for sexually transmitted diseases in American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs). STUDY DESIGN We reviewed the current national and regional trends in sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) for AI/ANs from 1998-2004, peer-reviewed studies from January 1996, through May 2006, and(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Standard treatment for Trichomonas vaginalis is metronidazole or tinidazole. Hypersensitivity to these drugs has been documented but is poorly understood. Desensitization is an option described in limited reports of women with hypersensitivity to nitroimidazoles. The purpose of this analysis is to improve documentation of management for(More)
Improvements in the sensitivity and specificity of laboratory testing methods for Chlamydia trachomatis infections in recent years have created potential problems with interpreting data on chlamydia prevalence trends. A switch to a more sensitive test can result in an increase in chlamydia positivity even with no increase in the true disease prevalence. To(More)
OBJECTIVE Appropriate laboratory testing practices are a critical part of sexually transmitted disease (STD) control. GOAL The goal of this study was to describe the type and volume of STD tests performed in public health laboratories in the United States in 2004. STUDY DESIGN A web-based survey was made available to 144 members of the Association of(More)
BACKGROUND In the past decade, increases in syphilis and rectal gonorrhea have been reported among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States; however, limited sexually transmitted disease (STD) positivity data are available on MSM who receive their healthcare from primary care or general medical clinics. The current study sought to elucidate STD(More)