Debra Gardner

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Childbirth and the responsibilities of parenting after birth require a great deal of energy. Fatigue in postpartum women is a concern for maternal-child nurses because of the impact on the health and parenting ability of the mother. To determine fatigue levels and types, 35 women who vaginally delivered were surveyed at 2 days, 2 weeks, and 6 weeks(More)
The nursing shortage has prompted a recurring discussion about the appropriate mix of bedside care givers in nursing that can be constructed to ensure quality patient care. As nursing's role has become more professional, there has arisen a need to differentiate work tasks and develop nurse extenders. The author discusses nursing and non-nursing duties as(More)
There are different patterns and styles to careers in nursing. The concept of career commitment in nursing is explored, and the results of some research are discussed for their implications for nursing careers. A longitudinal, repeated-measures descriptive survey was used to measure career commitment and explore its relationship to turnover and work(More)
The purpose of the Iowa Model is to serve both as a heuristic device and as a framework for articulating knowledge for nursing administration research, practice, and education. The model delineates two domains of knowledge (systems and outcomes), each with three levels (patient aggregates, the organization, and the health care system). Concepts useful for(More)
The winds of change have swept in a new era for nursing. Complex decisions can be aided by a conceptual model for nursing administration practice. The authors discuss how the Iowa Model of Nursing Administration can be used by nurse administrators to solve administrative problems. Two practical examples are described.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the attitudes of students in a physical therapy education program toward the elderly could be influenced positively by (1) having classroom discussion led by an individual with expertise in geriatrics and (2) having only individuals aged 65 years or older participate in a specially designed geriatric mock(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a model for teaching problem-solving skills to first-year physical therapy students using the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (CTA) and participant feedback. We used a pretest-posttest control group design. Subjects were 31 first-year physical therapy students divided into a Control(More)