Debra Ellyn Weese-Mayer

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BACKGROUND Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) is characterized by alveolar hypoventilation and autonomic dysregulation. PURPOSE (1) To demonstrate the importance of PHOX2B testing in diagnosing and treating patients with CCHS, (2) to summarize recent advances in understanding how mutations in the PHOX2B gene lead to the CCHS phenotype, and(More)
Idiopathic congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS) has been linked to autonomic nervous system dysregulation and/or dysfunction (ANSD) since it was first described in 1970. A genetic basis of CCHS has been proposed because of the reports of four families with two affected children, because of mother-child transmission, and because of a recent(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relation of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) symptoms in children to neurocognitive function. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional, population-based study of 205 5-year-old children. A parent-completed questionnaire was used to ascertain SDB symptoms, defined as frequent snoring, loud or noisy breathing during sleep, or witnessed sleep(More)
OBJECTIVE Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children is reportedly associated with problem behaviors suggestive of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; however, there are few data on the relation of SDB to problem behaviors in the general pediatric population. The goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of SDB symptoms in 5-year-old children(More)
This study characterizes cardiorespiratory dysregulation in young girls with MECP2 mutation-confirmed Rett syndrome (RS). Respiratory inductance plethysmography of chest/abdomen and ECG was obtained during daytime wakefulness in 47 girls with MECP2 mutation-confirmed RS and 47 age-, gender-, and ethnicity-matched controls (ages 2-7 y). An in-home(More)
RATIONALE Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS), a unique disorder of respiratory control associated with Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) and tumors of neural crest origin, results from polyalanine repeat expansion mutations in the paired-like homeobox (PHOX)2B gene in more than 90% of cases, and alternative PHOX2B mutations in remaining cases. (More)
The paired-like homeobox 2B gene (PHOX2B) is the disease-defining gene for congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (CCHS). Individuals with CCHS typically present in the newborn period with alveolar hypoventilation during sleep and often during wakefulness, altered respiratory control including reduced or absent ventilatory responses to hypercarbia and(More)
The diagnosis, management, and long-term outcome of 32 patients with congenital central hypoventilation syndrome are summarized. Sleep hypoventilation was severe in all cases, resulting in an alveolar carbon dioxide pressure (mean +/- SEM) of 62 +/- 2.5 mm Hg and a hemoglobin saturation of 65% +/- 3.3% without ventilatory or arousal response. Awake(More)
The modern story of CCHS began in 1970 with the first description by Mellins et al., came most visibly to the public eye with the ATS Statement in 1999, and continues with increasingly fast paced advances in genetics. Affected individuals have diffuse autonomic nervous system dysregulation (ANSD). The paired-like homeobox gene PHOX2B is the disease-defining(More)
Serotonergic receptor binding in the arcuate nucleus, n. raphé obscurus, and other medullary regions is decreased in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) cases. Further, an insertion/deletion polymorphism in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter protein (5-HTT) gene has recently been associated with risk of SIDS. This polymorphism differentially(More)