Debra A Egan

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OBJECTIVE The hypothermia and hemostasis in severe trauma (HYPOSTAT): a new crossroads workshop was convened to evaluate the interplay among hypothermia, hemostasis, and severe trauma/hemorrhage. Trauma is the major cause of death in young individuals in the United States, with uncontrolled hemorrhage representing the major cause of preventable deaths. (More)
BACKGROUND Optimal resuscitation of hypotensive trauma patients has not been defined. This trial was performed to assess the feasibility and safety of controlled resuscitation (CR) versus standard resuscitation (SR) in hypotensive trauma patients. METHODS Patients were enrolled and randomized in the out-of-hospital setting. Nineteen emergency medical(More)
BACKGROUND The Digitalis Investigation Group (DIG) trial was a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study that examined the effect of digoxin on mortality in 7,788 patients with heart failure and sinus rhythm. A prespecified substudy evaluated the effect of digoxin therapy on health-related quality of life (HQOL) in a subset of these patients. (More)
BACKGROUND During cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, the interruption of manual chest compressions for rescue breathing reduces blood flow and possibly survival. We assessed whether outcomes after continuous compressions with positive-pressure ventilation differed from those after compressions that were(More)
CONTEXT Although niacin increases low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), which frequently accompany diabetes, current guidelines do not recommend use of niacin in patients with diabetes because of concerns about adverse effects on glycemic control; however, this is based on limited clinical data. OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy(More)
The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) is a randomized clinical outcome trial of antihypertensive and lipid-lowering therapy in a diverse population (including substantial numbers of women and minorities) of 42,419 high-risk hypertensives aged > or = 55 years with a planned mean follow-up of 6 years. In this(More)
The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) is a practice-based, randomized, multicenter clinical trial in 42,419 high-risk hypertensive patients aged 55 years and older; 10,356 of these patients are also in a lipid-lowering trial component. The purpose of the antihypertensive component is to determine whether(More)
PURPOSE Assess compliance with study medications and examine reasons for noncompliance. Individuals with peripheral arterial disease present the clinician with a unique combination of symptoms and therapeutic needs; the treatment of this population has not been adequately studied. METHODS The Arterial Disease Multiple Intervention Trial was a randomized(More)
During the recruitment phase of a trial it is often found that recruitment is not proceeding as quickly as projected. Budget limitations require innovative methods, such as use of volunteers, to increase recruitment yields without increasing cost. In the Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP), volunteer staff at 12 of the 16 clinical centers(More)