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Plants have been historically used for diabetes treatment and related anti-inflammatory activity throughout the world; few of them have been validated by scientific criteria. Recently, a large diversity of animal models has been developed for better understanding the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and its underlying inflammatory mechanism and new drugs(More)
Aqueous extract of cigarette smoke (CS) contains some stable oxidants, which oxidize human plasma proteins, bovine serum albumin, amino acid homopolymers, and also cause extensive oxidative degradation of microsomal proteins. Similar observations are made when the aqueous extract of cigarette smoke is replaced by whole phase CS solution or whole phase(More)
A PCR based detection that amplifies the 552-bp intergenic spacer (IGS) region of multicopy rRNA gene of Giardia lamblia and 320-bp internal sequences to first PCR product has been used in diagnosis of giardiasis in stool sample. The primers were found highly specific to Giardia spp. only, because no amplification was observed with DNAs from other enteric(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), resides and replicates within phagocytes and persists in susceptible hosts by modulating protective innate immune responses. Furthermore, M. tuberculosis promotes T helper 2 (Th2) immune responses by altering the balance of T cell polarizing cytokines in infected cells. However, cytokines(More)
Methanolic extract of dried leaves of Alstonia macrophylla Wall ex A. DC. and its fractions were investigated for its anti-inflammatory activity. The extract at a concentration of 200 mg kg(-1) and 400 mg kg(-1), p.o. and its fractions at 25 mg kg(-1) and 50 mg kg(-1), p.o. showed the significant dose dependent antiinflammatory activity in carrageenan and(More)
The methanolic crude and methanol-aqueous extract of Alstonia macrophylla leaves and n-butanol part of the crude extract showed antimicrobial activity against various strains of Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Streptococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes var.(More)
A major impediment to successful chemotherapy is the propensity for some tumor cells to undergo cell cycle arrest rather than apoptosis. It is well established, however, that the adenovirus E1A protein can sensitize these cells to the induction of apoptosis by anticancer agents. To further understand how E1A enhances chemosensitivity, we have made use of a(More)
Despite its relatively poor efficacy, Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been used as a tuberculosis (TB) vaccine since its development in 1921. BCG induces robust T helper 1 (Th1) immune responses but, for many individuals, this is not sufficient for host resistance against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) infection. Here we provide evidence that early(More)
We have investigated the functional significance of phosphoserine residues that lie in the L protein-binding domain between amino acids 213 and 247 of the phosphoprotein (NS) of vesicular stomatitis virus. A series of mutant NS proteins were made by cell-free translation of mRNAs transcribed from the cloned gene. Site-directed substitution of alanine for(More)
The conventional phage typing scheme proposed by S. Basu and S. Mukerjee (Experientia 24:299-300, 1968) has been used routinely for identification of the strains at the Vibrio Phage Reference Laboratory since 1968. However, because of limitations of this scheme, a new phage typing scheme using five newly isolated phages was incorporated into the(More)