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PURPOSE Complex repertoires of IgG autoantibodies have been detected against ocular antigens in patients with glaucoma. The goal was to identify and characterize the IgG autoantibody repertoires in sera of patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXFG) with protein macroarrays. METHODS Serum samples of 21 patients with PXFG and 19 age- and sex-matched(More)
Apaf-1 and the cysteine proteases known as caspases are genes central to the intrinsic apoptotic pathway in the retina. Previously, we have shown that histone deacetylase (HDAC) activity regulates Apaf-1 expression in the retina. In this study, we unravel the detailed molecular mechanism of HDAC-mediated regulation of Apaf-1 initially by use of a cell line(More)
Loss of the RB1 gene is an important event in the initiation and progression of many tumours. Prostate tissue from 43 patients with prostate cancers and ten with benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) were studied for loss of heterozygosity of the RB1 gene. Four intragenic polymorphic loci were studied with two techniques. These were restriction fragment length(More)
Although there is substantial evidence supporting the neuroprotective efficacy of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) in the rodent retina there is no consensus to date as to the protective mechanism involved. We hypothesise that bFGF can assert its neuroprotective effects directly on mouse photoreceptors transduced via the activation of specific(More)
PURPOSE Recent evidence has suggested that the tumor-suppressor gene p53 has a role in regulating antioxidant response in cancer cells. This study was conducted to determine whether p53 regulates redox enzymes in a neuronal context in RGCs and whether this regulation contributes to an increased survival signal. METHODS The expression of p53, and its(More)
Rosiglitazone is a member of the thiazolidinedione family of synthetic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) agonists. It is a selective ligand of the PPARgamma subtype and functions by regulating the transcription of insulin-responsive genes. A screen of FDA-approved compounds identified rosiglitazone as a novel anti-apoptotic agent in retinal(More)
Retinitis pigmentosa is a heterogeneous group of inherited retinal dystrophies in which the loss of photoreceptor cells via apoptosis leads to blindness. In this study we have experimentally mimicked this condition by treating 661W cells and wild-type mouse retinal explants with a Ca(2+) ionophore. Ca(2+) overload induced apoptosis, which was correlated(More)
PURPOSE We have previously demonstrated elevated levels of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF/CCN2) in the aqueous humor (AqH) of pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXFG) patients when compared with cataract controls. Furthermore, there is a significant trabecular meshwork (TM) and lamina cribrosa (LC) fibrotic phenotype associated with glaucoma, possibly(More)
PURPOSE Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death essential for both tissue development and maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Apoptosis protease activating factor (Apaf)-1 and caspase 3 are downregulated in the retina during postnatal development. The decreased expression of these genes is potentially a critical survival strategy adopted to protect(More)