Deborah V. Dawson

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There is growing evidence that the role of lipids in innate immunity is more important than previously realized. How lipids interact with bacteria to achieve a level of protection, however, is still poorly understood. To begin to address the mechanisms of antibacterial activity, we determined MICs and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of lipids(More)
We conducted a double-blind pilot study of 8 patients with established cerebral infarction to evaluate the effect of a single dose of amphetamine on recovery of motor function using the Fugl-Meyer scale. Four patients received amphetamine; the rest were given placebo. All underwent a session of physical therapy. Patients treated with amphetamine obtained(More)
The existence of an X-linked sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy has been debated. We reevaluated the original family, and present data on 13 affected males and 25 obligate or probable heterozygous females, documenting the devastating nature of the disease in the men and the extremely variable degree of clinical involvement in the carriers. Use of DNA probes(More)
The skin surface represents our interface with the external environment, and as such, is our first line of defense against microbial colonization and infection. Lipids at the skin surface are thought to underlie at least part of an antimicrobial barrier. Some of these lipids are synthesized in the epidermis and are carried to the surface as cells(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Several emerging stroke therapies require patients to be treated within several hours of symptom onset. Past studies have documented a significant delay between symptom onset and hospital presentation. As part of an experimental treatment study using tissue-type plasminogen activator, we began a multifaceted program of public and(More)
OBJECTIVES Several studies have focused on the timing of fluoride intake relative to the development of dental fluorosis. This study reports the relationships of fluoride intake during the first 48 months of life with fluorosis on early-erupting permanent teeth. METHODS Subjects were followed from birth to 48 months with questionnaires every 3-4 months.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Tobacco use is associated with increased periodontal destruction in both cigarette smokers and smokeless tobacco users. Gingival keratinocytes are the first cells in contact with microbial and tobacco components and play a key role in the innate immune response to these agents. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect(More)
The purpose of this paper is to assimilate epidemiological evidence for the prevalence of periodontal disease in human populations, and for comprehensive understanding of the disease for health care providers. Periodontal disease is a pathological condition affecting the supporting structures of teeth. It is characterised by a bacterial challenge that can(More)
Sixty-five parents of individuals affected by fragile X syndrome who attended the National Fragile X Conference in Portland, Oregon (1996), were asked to complete a survey assessing parental level of concern about carrier testing in children at risk for fragile X syndrome. All subjects completed a 15-item paper and pencil Likert response scale measure that(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the association of the level of soluble serum interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) with disease activity and response to therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS The sIL-2R levels of 148 patients with refractory RA were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. This parameter was correlated with other clinical(More)