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BACKGROUND Although depression and anxiety have been implicated in risk for major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), a theoretical approach to identifying such putative links is lacking. The objective of this study was to examine the association between theoretical conceptualisations of depression and anxiety with MACCE at the(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the association between depression, anxiety and general stress symptoms with hospital readmissions after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Two hundred and twenty six coronary artery bypass graft patients completed baseline self-report measures of depression, anxiety and stress and 222 patients completed these(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify pattern of change in average positive affect (PA), negative affect (NA), and state anxiety (St ANX) across three biological end points of an IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) procedure and to examine whether the pattern varied across sociodemographic and biomedical subgroups. DESIGN Longitudinal follow-up study of PA, NA,(More)
BACKGROUND There is little information on longitudinal patterns of participation in faecal occult blood test (FOBT) based colorectal cancer (CRC) screening or on demographic or behavioural factors associated with participation in re-screening. The lack of an agreed system for describing participatory behaviour over multiple rounds also hampers our ability(More)
BACKGROUND Whether there is a temporal relationship between psychological problems and clinical outcomes in patients with diseases of the digestive tract has not been widely researched. Thus, our aims were 1) To observe and compare prospectively clinical outcomes in relation to psychological co-morbidity in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD),(More)
OBJECTIVES  A focus on individualistic coping strategies such as positivity and fighting spirit has done little to inform the development of interventions for people affected by cancer. The aim of this study was to conduct an inquiry, which focused on the 'lived experience' and the social context within which communication about cancer occurs. DESIGN  A(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of invitations for mammographic screening. Women aged 45 to 69 who had not attended for screening at the mobile Breast X-Ray Programme of the Central Sydney Area Health Service were randomly selected from the 1989 electoral listing. In the geographical area in which the study was conducted (Drummoyne(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the prognostic risk of incident delirium after cardiac surgery attributable to preoperative affective disorders and Type D personality. METHODS Patients awaiting elective coronary revascularization surgery (N = 158; 20.9% female; 11.4% concomitant valve surgery; age M = 64.7, SD = 10.6) underwent the structured MINI International(More)
This study examined the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) with Confirmatory Factor Analysis and followed up cardiac morbidity and mortality for a median of 4.9 years among 226 coronary artery bypass graft patients. Cardiac morbidity and mortality events (n = 65, 28.8%) were associated with BDI-II cognitive factor z-score (adjusted hazard ratio = 1.36,(More)
To test the effectiveness of two interventions to encourage women to attend for mammographic screening, four randomised trials of letterbox drops were conducted. Leaflets about the screening service (n = 3984) were distributed to households within defined areas. Attendance from the 79 streets where a drop was made was compared with attendance from 78(More)