Deborah T. Crouse

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Management of many species is currently based on an inadequate understanding of their population dynamics. Lack of age-specific demographic information, particularly for long-lived iteroparous species, has impeded development of useful models. We use a Lefkovitch stage class matrix model, based on a preliminary life table developed by Frazer (1983a), to(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) is a proinflammatory cytokine that appears to play a significant role in the development of neonatal chronic lung disease (CLD). Inflammation and CLD are also associated with respiratory tract colonization with genital mycoplasmas. The possible protective roles of surfactant in mitigating the inflammatory response to(More)
Ureaplasma urealyticum and Mycoplasma hominis, two genital mycoplasmas, are the most common organisms isolated in the perinatal period and both either cause or are associated with poor perinatal outcomes. We speculate that these microbes could increase inflammation by stimulating macrophages to produce tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and inducible(More)
Group B streptococci (GBS) are important pathogens in neonatal sepsis and pneumonia. GBS stimulate alveolar macrophages to produce inflammatory cytokines and free oxygen radicals, which can damage the lungs. In several studies, use of exogenous surfactant in term babies has improved outcome related to sepsis and respiratory failure. The role(s) of exogenous(More)
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