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Stimulation of the lateral funicle was performed at different segmenta levels in the cat in order to investigate the connecxions of long propriospinal neurones with ipsilateral lumbosacral motoneurones and interneurones projecting directly to them. In one series of experiments the propriospinal contribution was assessed from the difference between the(More)
A liquid chromatographic (LC) method has been developed for the determination of the desfuroylceftiofur metabolite of ceftiofur as a residue in the plasma of animals. Plasma sample in 0.1M pH 8.7 phosphate buffer containing dithioerythritol is incubated under nitrogen for 15 min at 50 degrees C. The sample is centrifuged, charged to a C18 cartridge, and(More)
BACKGROUND The role of proximal tubule (PT) angiotensinogen (AGT) in modulating blood pressure has previously been examined using mice expressing PT human AGT and human renin, or rat AGT. These animals are hypertensive; however, the question remains whether alterations in mouse PT AGT alone affects arterial pressure. METHODS Mouse AGT cDNA was knocked-in(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensinogen (AGT) is synthesized in the liver and proximal tubule. AGT overexpression at either site might increase blood pressure (BP). We used transgenic mice with AGT overexpression in proximal tubule (K), liver (L), or both sites (KL) to determine the relative contributions of hepatic- and proximal tubule-derived AGT in modulating BP. (More)
The prorenin receptor (PRR), a recently discovered component of the renin-angiotensin system, is expressed in the nephron in general and the collecting duct in particular. However, the physiological significance of nephron PRR remains unclear, partly due to developmental abnormalities associated with global or renal-specific PRR gene knockout (KO).(More)
Endothelin-1 binding to endothelin A receptors (ETA) elicits profibrogenic, proinflammatory, and proliferative effects that can promote a wide variety of diseases. Although ETA antagonists are approved for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension, their clinical utility in several other diseases has been limited by fluid retention. ETA blocker-induced fluid(More)
BACKGROUND Renin is synthesized in the collecting duct and is regulated differently than renin in the juxtaglomerular apparatus. However, the physiological relevance of collecting duct renin remains unknown, particularly with regard to its ability to regulate blood pressure. METHODS We used gene targeting to generate mice with overexpression of renin in(More)
AIMS The role of vascular smooth muscle endothelin A receptors (ETA) in development and normal physiology remains incompletely understood. To address this, mice were generated with smooth muscle-specific knockout (KO) of ETA. MAIN METHODS Mice were homozygous for loxP-flanked exons 6-8 of the EDNRA gene (floxed) or were also hemizygous for a transgene(More)
After chronic hemisection at C3, stimulation of propriospinal fibers in the dorsal quadrant at Th 10 facilitated disynaptic PSPs from Ib afferents in hindlimb motoneurons. Recording from interneurons monosynaptically activated from group I muscle afferents, and of extracellular focal synaptic potentials around them, revealed monosynaptic EPSPs from long(More)