Deborah Strumsky

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With urban population increasing dramatically worldwide, cities are playing an increasingly critical role in human societies and the sustainability of the planet. An obstacle to effective policy is the lack of meaningful urban metrics based on a quantitative understanding of cities. Typically, linear per capita indicators are used to characterize and rank(More)
We investigate the relationship between patenting activity and the size of metropolitan areas in the United States over the last two decades (1980-2001). We find a clear superlinear effect, whereby patents are granted disproportionately in larger urban centers, thus showing increasing returns in inventing activity with respect to population size. We(More)
W a number of studies have considered the implications of employee mobility, comparatively little research has considered institutional factors governing the ability of employees to move from one firm to another. This paper explores a legal constraint on mobility—employee non-compete agreements—by exploiting Michigan’s apparently inadvertent 1985 reversal(More)
A substantive body of research has emerged exploring the social dynamics and subculture of computer hacking. Few, however, have considered the structure of social networks in the hacker community due in part to the lack of visible information about active hackers or malware writers. Our research focuses on the rarely studied subject of underground networks(More)
Invention in the city: Increasing returns to patenting as a scaling function of metropolitan size Luis M.A. Bettencourt a, José Lobo b,1, Deborah Strumsky c,∗ a CCS-3 Computer and Computational Sciences, Los Alamos National Laboratory, MS B256, Los Alamos, NM 87545, United States b Global Institute of Sustainability, Arizona State University, P.O. Box(More)
Invention has been commonly conceptualized as a search over a space of combinatorial possibilities. Despite the existence of a rich literature, spanning a variety of disciplines, elaborating on the recombinant nature of invention, we lack a formal and quantitative characterization of the combinatorial process underpinning inventive activity. Here, we use US(More)
Urban areas consume more than 66% of the world's energy and generate more than 70% of global greenhouse gas emissions. With the world's population expected to reach 10 billion by 2100, nearly 90% of whom will live in urban areas, a critical question for planetary sustainability is how the size of cities affects energy use and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.(More)
SFI Working Papers contain accounts of scientific work of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the Santa Fe Institute. We accept papers intended for publication in peer-reviewed journals or proceedings volumes, but not papers that have already appeared in print. Except for papers by our external faculty, papers must be based on work(More)
The factors that account for the differences in the economic productivity of urban areas have remained difficult to measure and identify unambiguously. Here we show that a microscopic derivation of urban scaling relations for economic quantities vs. population, obtained from the consideration of social and infrastructural properties common to all cities,(More)
We use an NK technology landscape to create a toy world with which to “test” the performance of a common managerial search rule – identify what is broken, try to fix it and leave the rest well enough alone, a search rule we term “extremal search.” Our results indicate that such a search rule, when applied rigidly, performs badly on combinatorially complex(More)